Even though the left has never held power in Iran, its impact on the political, intellectual and cultural development of modern Iran has been profound. This book's authors undertake a fundamental re-examination and re-appraisal of the phenomenon of leftist activism in Iran, interpreted in the broadest sense, throughout the period of its existence up to and including the present.

chapter |15 pages


part I|48 pages

The Iranian Left

chapter 2|28 pages

From Social Democracy to Social Democracy

The twentieth-century odysseyof the Iranian Left

part II|141 pages

The Iranian Left

chapter 3|18 pages

Armenian Social Democrats, the Democrat Party of Iran, and Iran-I Naw

A secret camaraderie 1

chapter 5|29 pages

Iran's Forgotten Revolutionary

Abulqasim Lahuti and the Tabriz insurrectionof 1922

chapter 6|18 pages

Incommodious Hosts, Invidious Guests

The life and times of Iranian revolutionaries inthe Soviet Union, 1921–39 1

part III|95 pages

The Iranian Left and the Islamic Republic

chapter 9|20 pages

Troubled Relationships

Women, nationalism and the Left movementin Iran 1

chapter 10|21 pages

The Tragedy of the Iranian Left 1

chapter 12|12 pages

The Islamic Left

From radicalism to liberalism

chapter 13|22 pages

The Working Class and the Islamic State in Iran*

Haideh Moghissi and Saeed Rahnema