Since the end of the 1980 coup d’état Turkey has been in the midst of a complex process of democratization. Applying methodological pluralism in order to provide a comprehensive analysis of this process in a Turkish context, this book brings together contributions from prominent, Turkish, English, French, and Spanish scholars.

Turkey’s Democratization Process utilises the theoretical framework of J.J. Linz and A.C. Stepan in order to assess the complex process of democratization in Turkey. This framework takes into account five interacting features of Turkey’s polity when making this assessment, namely: whether the underlying legal and socioeconomic conditions are conducive for the development of a free and participant society; if a relatively autonomous political society exists; whether there are legal guarantees for citizens’ freedoms; if there exists a state bureaucracy which can be used by a democratic government; and whether the type and pace of Turkish economic development contributes to this process.

Examining the Turkish case in light of this framework, this book seeks to combine analyses that will help assess the process of democratization in Turkey to date and will be of interest to scholars and researchers interested in Turkish Politics, Democratization and Middle Eastern Studies more broadly.

part I|85 pages

Introduction and context

chapter 1|13 pages

Democratization processes in defective democracies

The case of Turkey
ByCarmen Rodríguez, Antonio Ávalos, Hakan Yılmaz, Ana I. Planet

chapter 2|27 pages

The formation of citizenship in Turkey

Byİbrahim Saylan

chapter 4|19 pages

The international context of democratic reform in Turkey

ByWilliam Hale

part II|43 pages

Political Society

chapter 5|20 pages

Party system and democratic consolidation in Turkey

Problems and prospects
BySabri Sayarı

chapter 6|21 pages

What did they promise for democracy and what did they deliver?

The AKP and the CHP 2002–11
ByIşık Gürleyen

part III|62 pages

Civil society

chapter 7|21 pages

Democratic consolidation and civil society in Turkey

ByE. Fuat Keyman, Tuba Kancı

chapter 8|23 pages

Democratization in Turkey from a gender perspective

ByPınar İlkkaracan

chapter 9|16 pages

The Istanbul art scene – a social system?

ByMarcus Graf

part IV|28 pages

Economic arena

chapter 10|26 pages

Deepening neoliberalization and a changing welfare regime in Turkey

Mutations of a populist, “sub-optimal” democracy1
ByMine Eder

part V|70 pages

State apparatus

chapter 11|18 pages

New public administration in Turkey

BySüleyman Sözen

chapter 12|12 pages

Determinants of tax evasion by households

Evidence from Turkey
ByFikret Adaman, Ali Çarkoğlu

chapter 13|21 pages

From tutelary powers and interventions to civilian control

An overview of Turkish civil-military relations since the 1920s
ByYaprak Gürsoy

chapter 14|17 pages

The judiciary1

ByErgun Özbudun

part VI|114 pages

Rule of law

chapter 15|19 pages

Democracy, tutelarism, and the search for a new constitution

ByErgun Özbudun

chapter 16|18 pages

Human rights in Turkey

BySenem Aydın-Düzgit

chapter 17|15 pages

The paradox of equality

Subjective attitudes towards basic rights in Turkey
ByAyşen Candaş, Hakan Yılmaz

chapter 18|16 pages

The Kurdish question

Law, politics and the limits of recognition
ByDilek Kurban

chapter 19|15 pages

Non-muslim minorities in the Turkish democratization process

BySamim Akgönül

chapter 20|15 pages

Democratization in Turkey?

Insights from the Alevi issue
ByElise Massicard

part VII|20 pages


chapter 22|18 pages

Some observations on Turkey's democratization process

ByCarmen Rodríguez, Antonio Ávalos, Hakan Yılmaz, Ana I. Planet