What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy and the sciences, serve as helpful introductions to the primary debates surrounding scientific knowledge. First-year undergraduates can readily understand the variety of discussions in the volume, and yet advanced students and scholars will encounter chapters rich enough to engage their many interests. The variety and coverage in this volume make it the perfect choice for the primary text in courses on scientific knowledge. It can also be used as a supplemental book in classes in epistemology, philosophy of science, and other related areas.

Key features:

*  an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the epistemology of science for a wide variety of students (both undergraduate- and graduate-level) and researchers

* written by an international team of senior researchers and the most promising junior scholars

* addresses several questions that students and lay people interested in science may already have, including questions about how scientific knowledge is gained, its nature, and the challenges it faces.

part I|2 pages

How Is Scientific Knowledge Generated?

chapter 1|15 pages

How Many Scientists Does It Take to Have Knowledge?

ByJeroen de Ridder

chapter 2|15 pages

What Attitude Should Scientists Have?

Good Academic Practice as a Precondition for the Production of Knowledge
ByThomas A.C. Reydon

chapter 3|19 pages

How Do Medical Researchers Make Causal Inferences?

ByOlaf Dammann, Ted Poston, Paul Thagard

chapter 4|14 pages

How Do Explanations Lead to Scientific Knowledge?*

ByKevin McCain

chapter 5|16 pages

What Is Scientific Understanding and How Can It Be Achieved?

ByHenk W. de Regt, Christoph Baumberger

part II|2 pages

What Is the Nature of Scientific Knowledge?

chapter 6|15 pages

What Are Scientific Concepts?

ByTheodore Arabatzis

chapter 7|17 pages

How Can We Tell Science from Pseudoscience?

ByStephen Law

chapter 8|15 pages

How Do We Know That 2 + 2 = 4?

ByCarrie S. I. Jenkins

chapter 9|12 pages

Is Scientific Knowledge Special?

Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose
ByRichard Fumerton

chapter 10|16 pages

Can Scientific Knowledge Be Measured by Numbers?

ByHanne Andersen

part III|2 pages

Does Bias Affect Our Access to Scientific Knowledge?

chapter 11|16 pages

Why Do Logically Incompatible Beliefs Seem Psychologically Compatible?

Science, Pseudoscience, Religion, and Superstition
ByAndrew Shtulman, Andrew Young

chapter 12|16 pages

Do Our Intuitions Mislead Us?

The Role of Human Bias in Scientific Inquiry
BySusan A. Gelman, Kristan A. Marchak

chapter 13|17 pages

Can Scientific Knowledge Sift the Wheat from the Tares?

A Brief History of Bias (and Fears about Bias) in Science
ByErik L. Peterson

chapter 14|14 pages

What Grounds Do We Have for the Validity of Scientific Findings?

The New Worries about Science *
ByJanet A. Kourany

chapter 15|16 pages

Is Science Really Value Free and Objective?

From Objectivity to Scientific Integrity
ByMatthew J. Brown

part IV|2 pages

Is Scientific Knowledge Limited?

chapter 16|15 pages

Should We Trust What Our Scientific Theories Say?

ByMartin Curd, Dana Tulodziecki

chapter 17|14 pages

What Are the Limits of Scientific Explanation?

BySara Gottlieb, Tania Lombrozo

chapter 18|14 pages

Should We Accept Scientism?

The Argument from Self-Referential Incoherence
ByRik Peels

chapter 19|18 pages

How Are the Uncertainties in Scientific Knowledge Represented in the Public Sphere?

The Genetics of Intelligence as a Case Study
ByKostas Kampourakis