Urban codes have a profound influence on urban form, affecting the design and placement of buildings, streets and public spaces. Historically, their use has helped create some of our best-loved urban environments, while recent advances in coding have been a growing focus of attention, particularly in Britain and North America. However, the full potential for the role of codes has yet to be realized.

In Urban Coding and Planning, Stephen Marshall and his contributors investigate the nature and scope of coding; its purposes; the kinds of environments it creates; and, perhaps most importantly, its relationship to urban planning.

By bringing together historical and ongoing traditions of coding from around the world – with chapters describing examples from the United Kingdom, France, India, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa, the United States and Latin America – this book provides lessons for today’s theory and practice of place-making.

chapter 1|13 pages


ByStephen Marshall

chapter 3|26 pages

The Controlling Urban Code of Enlightenment Scotland

ByCharles McKean

chapter 4|24 pages

The Ideal and the Real: Urban Codes in the Spanish-American Lettered City

ByJean-François Lejeune

chapter 5|18 pages

Paradigms for Design: the Vastu Vidya Codes of India

ByVibhuti Sachdev

chapter 7|17 pages

Machizukuri and Urban Codes in Historical and Contemporary Kyoto

ByYoshihiko Baba

chapter 12|17 pages


ByStephen Marshall