ABSTRACT

It is widely assumed that humanity should be able to learn from calamities (e.g., emergencies, disasters, catastrophes) and that the affected individuals, groups, and enterprises, as well as the concerned (disaster-) management organizations and institutions for prevention and mitigation, will be able to be better prepared or more efficient next time. Furthermore, it is often assumed that the results of these learning processes are preserved as "knowledge" in the collective memory of a society, and that patterns of practices were adopted on this base. Within history, there is more evidence for the opposite: Analyzing past calamities reveals that there is hardly any learning and, if so, that it rarely lasts more than one or two generations. This book explores whether learning in the context of calamities happens at all, and if learning takes place, under which conditions it can be achieved and what would be required to ensure that learned cognitive and practical knowledge will endure on a societal level. The contributions of this book include various fields of scientific research: history, sociology, geography, psychoanalysis, psychiatry, development studies and political studies, as well as disaster research and disaster risk reduction research.

chapter 1|24 pages

Introduction: Can Societies Learn from Calamities?

ByHEIKE EGNER, MARÉN SCHORCH, MARTIN VOSS

part |2 pages

PART I Opening the Fields of Learning and Calamities

part |2 pages

PART II Learning from History?

part |2 pages

PART III Educational Concepts for Disaster Preparedness

chapter 8|18 pages

Using a Spare-Time University for Disaster Risk Reduction Education

ByILAN KELMAN, MARLA PETAL, MICHAEL H. GLANTZ

chapter 10|20 pages

Critical Reflections on Disaster Prevention Education

ByMARLA PETAL

part |2 pages

PART IV Organizational Patterns of Interpretation and Practices of Learning

chapter 11|18 pages

Normalization and Its Discontents: Organizational Learning from Disaster

BySVEN KETTE, HENDRIK VOLLMER

chapter 13|17 pages

How Not to Learn: Resilience in the Study of Disaster

ByBENIGNO A. AGUIRRE, ERIC BEST

part |2 pages

PART V Societal Patterns of Interpretation and Practices of Learning

part |2 pages

PART VI Closing

chapter 17|12 pages

Learning and Calamities—What Have We Learned?: Steps Towards an Integrative Framework

ByHEIKE EGNER, MARÉN SCHORCH