Wood-pastures are important elements of European cultural identity and have an exceptional ecological value, yet they are in decline all over Europe. The structure of wood-pastures is strongly influenced by grazing and multiple other land uses and by local and regional environmental conditions.

This book examines the diverse expressions of wood-pastures across Europe. It provides a new perspective, using a social-ecological framework to explore social and ecological values, governing institutions, threats and conservation approaches. It explores the major drivers of decline, which are shown to be related to accelerated cultural, institutional and developmental changes occurring across Europe over the past century. Case studies are included from North-Western, Southern, and Eastern Europe.

Written by renowned scholars and conservationists, the book contributes to developing better, locally adapted conservation policies and management approaches for wood-pastures.

part I|52 pages


part IV|47 pages

Social-cultural values

part V|54 pages

Governance institutions

part VI|29 pages


chapter 16|9 pages

Wood-pastures and the Common Agricultural Policy

Rhetoric and reality

chapter 17|18 pages

European wood-pastures in transition

Lessons for science, conservation and policy development in high nature value landscapes