ABSTRACT

Wood-pastures are important elements of European cultural identity and have an exceptional ecological value, yet they are in decline all over Europe. The structure of wood-pastures is strongly influenced by grazing and multiple other land uses and by local and regional environmental conditions.

This book examines the diverse expressions of wood-pastures across Europe. It provides a new perspective, using a social-ecological framework to explore social and ecological values, governing institutions, threats and conservation approaches. It explores the major drivers of decline, which are shown to be related to accelerated cultural, institutional and developmental changes occurring across Europe over the past century. Case studies are included from North-Western, Southern, and Eastern Europe.

Written by renowned scholars and conservationists, the book contributes to developing better, locally adapted conservation policies and management approaches for wood-pastures.

part |2 pages

PART I Introduction

chapter 1|16 pages

The social and ecological dimensions of wood-pastures

ByTIBOR HARTEL, TOBIAS PLIENINGER

chapter 2|20 pages

Diversity, threats and conservation of European wood-pastures

ByERWIN BERGMEIER, MARLENE ROELLIG

part |2 pages

PART II History and change

chapter 4|15 pages

The origins and history of medieval wood-pastures

ByDOLLY JØRGENSEN, PETER QUELCH

chapter 5|20 pages

Recent dynamics of evergreen oak wood-pastures in south-western Iberia

ByAUGUSTA COSTA, MANUEL MADEIRA, JOSÉ LIMA SANTOS

part |2 pages

PART III Biodiversity and ecology

chapter 7|19 pages

Plant and vegetation diversity in European wood-pastures

ByMATTEO GARBARINO, ERWIN BERGMEIER

chapter 8|17 pages

Wood-pastures as reservoirs for invertebrates

BySTEVEN FALK

chapter 9|20 pages

Grazing as a tool for wood-pasture restoration and management

ByJAN VAN UYTVANCK AND KRIS VERHEYEN

part |2 pages

PART IV Social-cultural values

part |2 pages

PART V Governance institutions

chapter 13|16 pages

Wood-pasture management in southern Transylvania (Romania): From communal to where?

ByLAURA SUTCLIFFE, KINGA ÖLLERER, MARLENE ROELLIG

chapter 15|17 pages

Institutional arrangements of wood-pasture management: Past and present in the UK

ByKEITH J. KIRBY, SUZANNE C. PERRY

part |2 pages

PART VI Synthesis