ABSTRACT

Whether it is the stranding of tens of thousands of migrant workers at the Libyan–Tunisian border, or the large-scale displacement triggered by floods in Pakistan and Colombia, hardly a week goes by in which humanitarian crises have not precipitated human movement. While some people move internally, others internationally, some temporarily and others permanently, there are also those who become "trapped" in place, unable to move to greater safety. Responses to these "crisis migrations" are varied and inadequate. Only a fraction of "crisis migrants" are protected by existing international, regional or national law. Even where law exists, practice does not necessarily guarantee safety and security for those who are forced to move or remain trapped. Improvements are desperately needed to ensure more consistent and effective responses.

This timely book brings together leading experts from multi-disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on diverse humanitarian crises and to shed light on a series of exploratory questions: In what ways do people move in the face of crisis situations? Why do some people move, while others do not? Where do people move? When do people move, and for how long? What are the challenges and opportunities in providing protection to crisis migrants? How might we formulate appropriate responses and sustainable solutions, and upon what factors should these depend? This volume is divided into four parts, with an introductory section outlining the parameters of "crisis migration," conceptualizing the term and evaluating its utility. This section also explores the legal, policy and institutional architecture upon which current responses are based. Part II presents a diverse set of case studies, from the earthquake in Haiti and the widespread violence in Mexico, to the ongoing exodus from Somalia, and environmental degradation in Alaska and the Carteret Islands, among others. Part III focuses on populations that may be at particular risk, including non-citizens, migrants at sea, those displaced to urban areas, and trapped populations. The concluding section maps the global governance of crisis migration and highlights gaps in current provisions for crisis-related movement across multiple levels.

This valuable book brings together previously diffuse research and policy issues under the analytical umbrella of "crisis migration." It lays the foundations for assessing and addressing real challenges to the status quo, and will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and practitioners committed to seeking out improved responses and ensuring the dignity and safety of millions who move in the context of humanitarian crises.

part I|50 pages

Introduction and a Theoretical Perspective

chapter 1|25 pages

Setting the Scene

BySusan F. Martin, Sanjula Weerasinghe, Abbie Taylor

chapter 2|23 pages

Conceptualizing “Crisis Migration”

A theoretical perspective
ByJane McAdam

part II|214 pages

Case Studies of Humanitarian Crises: Movements, protection implications and responses

chapter 3|24 pages

Rising Waters, Broken Lives

Experience from Pakistan and Colombia floods suggests new approaches are needed
ByAlice Thomas

chapter 4|20 pages

Recurrent Acute Disasters, Crisis Migration

Haiti has had it all
ByElizabeth Ferris

chapter 5|16 pages

Health Crises and Migration

ByMichael Edelstein, Khalid Koser, David L. Heymann

chapter 7|22 pages

Intractability and Change In Crisis Migration

North Koreans in China and Burmese in Thailand
ByW. Courtland Robinson

chapter 8|19 pages

Environmental Processes, Political Conflict and Migration

A Somali case study
ByAnna Lindley

chapter 9|20 pages

Environmental Stress, Displacement and the Challenge of Rights Protection

ByRoger Zetter, James Morrissey

chapter 11|22 pages

Community Relocations

The Arctic and South Pacific
ByRobin Bronen

chapter 12|22 pages

Something Old and Something New

Resettlement in the twenty-first century
ByAnthony Oliver-Smith, Alex de Sherbinin

part III|82 pages

At-Risk Populations

chapter 14|19 pages

“Trapped” Populations

Limits on mobility at times of crisis
ByRichard Black, Michael Collyer

chapter 15|19 pages

Policy Adrift

The challenge of mixed migration by sea
ByJudith Kumin

chapter 16|22 pages

Flight to the Cities

Urban options and adaptations
ByPatricia Weiss Fagen

part IV|21 pages

Governance

chapter 17|19 pages

The Global Governance of Crisis Migration

ByAlexander Betts