This book seeks to argue that religious actors play a crucial role in the complex processes of entering or re-entering the public spheres of state, political, and civil society. Seeking to ameliorate the analytical lacuna and concentrating on both the meso and micro levels of religious public involvement, the contributors explain how representatives from religious and political institutions act and interact in a variety of ways for various purposes.

Analysing empirical examples from both Europe and beyond, and including a variety of religions, including multi-faith platforms, the volume examines selected religious actors’ objectives, means and strategies and effects in order to address the following questions:

• What are selected religious actors’ public and/or political activities and objectives?

• In what ways and with what results do selected religious actors operate in various public spheres?

• What are the consequences of religious actors’ political involvement, and which factors condition the degree to which they are successful?

Whilst focusing mainly on Europe, the book also utilizes examples from Egypt, Turkey and the USA to provide a valuable and unique comparative focus. The contributors demonstrate that various religious actors, whether functioning as interest groups or social movements, and almost irrespective of the religious tradition to which they belong and the culture from which they emanate, do not necessarily differ markedly in terms of strategies.

This important study will be of great interest to all scholars of International Politics, Religion, and Public Policy.

chapter 1|13 pages


ByJeffrey Haynes, Anja Hennig

chapter 2|18 pages

Acta non verba

Typifying Europe's religious political parties
ByJohn Madeley

chapter 3|25 pages

Churches in the European integration process

The diminishing confessional divide in Euroskepticism
ByMichael Minkenberg, Anja Hennig

chapter 4|20 pages

Between hospitality and competition

The Catholic Church and immigration in Spain 1
ByXabier Itçaina, Flora Burchianti

chapter 5|19 pages

Religious organisations as political actors in the context of migration

Islam and Orthodoxy in Austria
ByJulia Mourão Permoser, Sieglinde Rosenberger, Kristina Stoeckl

chapter 6|17 pages

Political opportunity and Muslim leadership in Brussels

ByCorinne Torrekens

chapter 7|19 pages

New actors in the governance of religious diversity in European cities

The role of interfaith platforms
ByMaria del Mar Griera, Maria Forteza

chapter 8|17 pages

Conceptualizing religious advocacy

Religious interest groups and the process of public policy making
ByCaelesta Braun-Poppelaars, Marcel Hanegraaff

chapter 9|18 pages

Religious economies and religious freedom

A transnational approach
ByEvelyn Bush

chapter 10|25 pages

The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood Movement and its media strategies

The mobilising effect of religion in contentious politics
ByCarola Richter

chapter 11|21 pages

Politics and Islam in Turkey

From Atatürk to the AKP
ByJeffrey Haynes

chapter 12|15 pages


Religious actors in the public sphere – patterns and perspectives
ByAnja Hennig