ABSTRACT

How has the recession impacted on firms, people and places? How have local and regional authorities responded? This book aims to answer these questions by offering an overview of the impacts of the recession on people and places and how it has affected local authorities in the UK and other OECD countries. Being ‘close to the ground’, local authorities are usually at the forefront of dealing with the impacts of recession on people and places. During recessions, they face important challenges: on the one hand they have to cope with increasing demand for services and on the other hand they may face a decrease in their income due to the slowdown in the economy. And with the shift from local government to local governance in the last 10 years, they also have an increasing role in terms of coordinating various organisations in the delivery of local services.

This book begins by looking at the potential impacts of downturns and economic shocks on firms, workers, communities and places, both in the short and long term (Part I). Part II then looks at interventions and responses that local authorities can put in place on their own or in partnership with other local, regional and/or national actors to try to deal with these differential impacts. Building on these insights, part III offers international perspectives, outlining the role of local authorities during the recession in France, Canada and Australia. These examples and cases highlight some key variations in the availability of resources at the local level across countries and shed light on the way particular economic situations and governance contexts influence local authorities’ responses. This section also includes work by the OECD LEED Programme which surveys cities worldwide and which looks at the application of the ‘Barcelona Principles’.

Overall, the volume makes a fresh contribution to understanding local economic development and governance by providing a unique perspective and original data on the way local authorities have dealt with the recent economic shock across countries. Looking ahead, the book also raises some important issues in relation to local and regional governance and policies to foster long term, sustainable economic recovery. This edited volume will be accessible to and suitable for students and researchers studying economic change, the recession, planning, public policy and industrial policy interventions, and political science.

chapter 1|24 pages

The Recession and Beyond

Local and Regional Responses to the Downturn
ByDavid Bailey, Caroline Chapain

part Part I|73 pages

The Recession and its Local and Regional impacts in the UK

chapter 2|18 pages

The Spatial Impacts of the Recession

ByNaomi Clayton

chapter 3|13 pages

The Impact of the Recession on Businesses

ByNigel Berkeley, David Jarvis, Jason Begley

chapter 4|24 pages

The Impacts of the Recession on Workers and Communities

ByCaroline Chapain

chapter 5|16 pages

Impacts of the Recession on Local Authorities

ByCaroline Chapain, Craig Renney

chapter Part II|165 pages

Local and Regional Responses in Context in England

ByDavid Bailey, Caroline Chapain

chapter 6|40 pages

A Framework for Analysing Local Authorities' Responses to the Recession

ByChapain Caroline, Bailey David, Burfitt Alex

chapter 7|14 pages

Local and Regional Responses to Recession in Context

Setting the Scene in the UK
ByBailey David, Collinge Chris, Coulson Andrew

chapter 8|13 pages

Local Authorities Working in Partnerships

Panacea or False Dawn?
ByCoulson Andrew, Willis Martin

chapter 9|15 pages

Support for Business

ByBerkeley Nigel, Jarvis David, Bailey David

chapter 10|22 pages

Support for Workers and Communities

ByBentley Gill, Chapain Caroline

chapter 12|14 pages

Withstanding the Cuts

How local Authorities Continue to Prevent Crime in Times of Recession and Government cuts
ByDunstan Eileen

chapter 13|21 pages

The Importance of Place

Restructuring as Local–Central Negotiation
ByHeike Doering

part Part III|82 pages

Local and Regional Responses

chapter 14|21 pages

14 Recession, Recovery and Reinvestment

The Role of Local Economic Leadership in a Global Crisis – the Barcelona Principles in Practice
ByGreg Clark, Joe Huxley

chapter 51|21 pages

A French région in Crisis

The Response of Local Authorities to the Recession in the Région Midi-Pyrénées in France
ByDenis Eckert, Fabrice Escaffre, Josselin Tallec

chapter 16|23 pages

Impact of the Global Economic Downturn on Municipalities in Canada

ByEric Champagne

chapter 17|15 pages

Local Government and Economic Shock within a Federal System

The Australian Case
ByAndrew Beer