The twenty-first century has the potential to be the era of universal higher education access: the post-massification century. The growth of knowledge-based service industries and an increased need for technological and social innovations require more education, training, and re-training at the post-secondary level. This edited collection addresses the crucial issues emerging from this ongoing expansion of higher education, focusing on how national systems of higher education can respond to demands for further expansion when traditional routes to higher education have been largely exhausted.

    • Does it make a difference how secondary education systems are organised?
    • Can we encourage under-represented groups to participate in higher education, offering them new ways of experiencing higher education without sacrificing quality?
    • What role will new suppliers of higher education, such as private providers, and modes of delivery, such as MOOCs, play?
    • Are there innovative ways to manage the finances of universal access, including tuition fees and student loans?
    • Will all social groups benefit equally from expansion, and find the institution and programme that fits their needs?

Expansion will require different modes of delivery, new system models, revised qualification structures, changes to the role played by government, and a revision of the public–private finance mix. While this may lead to tensions in terms of the quality, efficiency, or equality of opportunity in the higher education system, there are also new opportunities for students and higher education institutions.

With experienced researchers offering insights, national strategies and policy examples from around the world, Access and Expansion Post-Massification will give researchers and policymakers the tools they need to expand higher education into the era of the knowledge society.

chapter 1|10 pages

Access to Higher Education

Massification and Beyond
ByHans Vossensteyn, Ben Jongbloed

part 1|70 pages

Institutional Diversity

chapter 2|25 pages

Access, Equity and the Participation of Disadvantaged Groups

ByGareth Parry

chapter 3|25 pages

Government Policies as Responses to Increased Demand for Higher Education

Experiences from the Asian Private and Public Sectors
ByPrachayani Praphamontripong Kanwar

chapter 4|19 pages

Digital Players in an Analogue World

Higher Education in Poland in the Post-Massification Era
ByDominik Antonowicz

part 2|45 pages

System Strategy and Transparency

chapter 5|22 pages


Facing Pressing Challenges in Expanding Mass Higher Education
ByAlicia Kinne-Clawson, William Zumeta

chapter 6|22 pages

The Effect of Rankings on Student Choice and Institutional Selection

ByEllen Hazelkorn

part 3|48 pages

Student Financing and Equity Policies

chapter 7|19 pages

Student Funding and the Social Dimension in Croatian Higher Education

ByKarin Doolan, Thomas Farnell, Ninoslav Šćukanec, Jon File

chapter 8|28 pages

The Cultural Determinants of Access to Post-Secondary (Higher) Education in Canada

Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications
ByRoss Finnie, Richard E. Mueller, Arthur Sweetman

part 4|74 pages

New Modes of Delivery

chapter 9|31 pages

New Modes of Delivery

The Threatened Potential of Part-Time Undergraduate Education in England
ByClaire Callender

chapter 10|26 pages

Between Challenges and Trends of Lifelong Learning

Higher Education and the Recognition of Prior Experiential Learning
ByAna Luisa de Oliveira Pires

chapter 11|16 pages

In Conclusion: Doing More with Less

New Ways of Providing and Financing Higher Education in the Post-Massification Era
ByBen Jongbloed, Hans Vossensteyn