In response to the international turmoil, violence, and increasing ideological polarization, social psychological interest in the topics of legitimacy and social justice has blossomed considerably. Social psychologists have explored the psychological underpinnings of people’s reactions to injustice and illegitimacy, including the behavioral and psychological consequences of the motivation to view individual outcomes and governmental systems as just and legitimate.

Although injustice and illegitimacy are clearly related at conceptual and theoretical levels, these two rich literatures are rarely integrated. Social justice researchers have focused on how people make sense of particular instances of injustice, whereas legitimacy researchers have tended to focus primarily on people’s reactions to unfair systems of intergroup relations.

This 11th volume of the Ontario Symposium series brings together the work of leading researchers in fields of social justice and legitimacy to facilitate the cross-pollination and integration of these fields. The contributions address broad theoretical issues and cutting-edge empirical advances, while illustrating the diversity and richness of research in the two fields. By uniting these two domains, this volume will stimulate new directions in theory and research that seek to explain how and why people make sense of injustice at all levels of analysis.

chapter |26 pages

Knitting Together an Elephant

An Integrative Approach to Understanding the Psychology of Justice Reasoning
ByLinda J. Skitka, Nicholas P. Aramovich, Brad L. Lytle, Edward G. Sargis

chapter |26 pages

Injustice and Identity

How We Respond to Unjust Treatment Depends on How We Perceive Ourselves
ByD. Ramona Bobocel, Agnes Zdaniuk

chapter |25 pages

Beyond Blame and Derogation of Victims

Just-World Dynamics in Everyday Life
ByMitchell J. Callan, John H. Ellard

chapter |24 pages

Preserving the Belief in a Just World

When and for Whom Are Different Strategies Preferred?
ByCarolyn L. Hafer, Leanne Gosse

chapter |21 pages

From Moral Outrage to Social Protest

The Role of Psychological Standing
ByDale T. Miller, Daniel A. Effron, Sonya V. Zak

chapter |25 pages

Deservingness, the Scope of Justice, and Actions Toward Others

ByJames M. Olson, Irene Cheung, Paul Conway, Carolyn L. Hafer

chapter |21 pages

The Power of the Status Quo

Consequences for Maintaining and Perpetuating Inequality
ByDanielle Gaucher, Aaron C. Kay, Kristin Laurin

chapter |31 pages

System Justification

How Do We Know It's Motivated?
ByJohn T. Jost, Ido Liviatan, Jojanneke Van Der Toorn, Alison Ledgerwood, Anesu Mandisodza, Brian A. Nosek

chapter |21 pages

The Psychology of Punishment

Intuition and Reason, Retribution and Restoration
ByJohn M. Darley, Dena M. Gromet

chapter |21 pages

Legitimacy and Rule Adherence

A Psychological Perspective on the Antecedents and Consequences of Legitimacy
ByTom R. Tyler

chapter |26 pages

Justice in Aboriginal Language Policy and Practices

Fighting Institutional Discrimination and Linguicide
ByStephen C. Wright, Donald M. Taylor