How do Muslims in Europe acquire discursive and practical knowledge of Islam? How are conceptions of Islamic beliefs, values and practices transmitted and how do they change? Who are the authorities on these issues that Muslims listen to? How do new Muslim discourses emerge in response to the European context?

This book addresses the broader question of how Islamic knowledge (defined as what Muslims hold to be correct Islamic beliefs and practices) is being produced and reproduced in West European contexts by looking at specific settings, institutions and religious authorities. Chapters examine in depth four key areas relating to the production and reproduction of Islamic knowledge:

  • authoritative answers in response to explicit questions in the form of fatwas.
  • the mosque and mosque association as the setting of much formal and informal transmission of Islamic knowledge.
  • the role of Muslim intellectuals in articulating alternative Muslim discourses.
  • higher Islamic education in Europe and the training of imams and other religious functionaries.

Featuring contributions from leading sociologists and anthropologists, the book presents the findings of empirical research in these issues from a range of European countries such as France, Italy, the Netherlands and Great Britain. As such it has a broad appeal, and will be of great interest to students and scholars of Islamic studies, anthropology, sociology and religion.

chapter |27 pages

Producing Islamic knowledge in Western Europe

Discipline, authority, and personal quest

chapter |19 pages

Muslim voices, European ears

Exploring the gap between the production of Islamic knowledge and its perception

chapter |18 pages

An emerging European Islam

The case of the Minhajul Qurءan in the Netherlands

chapter |26 pages

Religious authority, social action and political participation

A case study of the Mosquée de la rue de Tanger in Paris

chapter |30 pages

The pattern of Islamic reform in Britain

The Deobandis between intra-Muslim sectarianism and engagement with wider society

chapter |21 pages

Transnational ulama, European fatwas, and Islamic authority

A case study of the European Council for Fatwa and Research

chapter |27 pages

Cyber-fatwas, sermons, and media campaigns

Amr Khaled and Omar Bakri Muhammad in search of new audiences