The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes constitutes a comprehensive introduction to the study of World Englishes drawing on the expertise of leading authors within the field.

The Handbook is structured in nine sections covering historical perspectives, core issues and topics and new debates which together provide a thorough overview of the field taking into account the new directions in which the discipline is heading.

Among the key themes covered are the development of English as a lingua franca among speakers for whom English is a common but not first language, the parallel development of English as a medium of instruction in educational institutions throughout the world and the role of English as the international language of scholarship and scholarly publishing, as well as the development of ‘computer-mediated’ Englishes, including ‘cyberprose’. The Handbook also includes a substantial introduction and conclusion from the editor.

The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes is the ideal resource for postgraduate students of applied linguistics as well as those in related degrees such as applied English language and TESOL/TEFL.

chapter |14 pages


ByAndy Kirkpatrick

part |2 pages

Section I: Historical perspectives and ‘traditional’ Englishes

chapter 1|20 pages

Standardized English: The history of the earlier circles

ByDaniel R. Davis

chapter 3|17 pages

Phonological innovation in contemporary spoken British English

ByGerard J. Docherty

chapter 4|20 pages

The Englishes of Ireland: Emergence and transportation

ByRaymond Hickey

chapter 5|17 pages

The development of Standard American English

ByWilliam A. Kretzschmar, Jr

chapter 6|19 pages

The Englishes of Canada

ByStephen Levey

chapter 7|20 pages

English in Australia

ByKate Burridge

chapter 8|13 pages

The English(es) of New Zealand

ByMargaret Maclagan

part |2 pages

Section II: Regional varieties and the ‘new’ Englishes

chapter 9|14 pages

The development of the English language in India

ByJoybrato Mukherjee

chapter 11|15 pages

East and West African Englishes: Differences and commonalities

ByHans-Georg Wolf

chapter 12|17 pages

The development of English in Botswana: Language policy and education

ByBirgit Smieja, Joyce T. Mathangwane

chapter 13|18 pages

English in Singapore and Malaysia: Differences and similarities

ByLow Ee Ling

chapter 14|18 pages

Periphery ELT: The politics and practice of teaching English in the Philippines

ByIsabel Pefianco Martin

chapter 15|17 pages

East Asian Englishes: Japan and Korea

ByYuko Takeshita

chapter 16|17 pages

Chinese English: A future power?

ByXu Zhichang

chapter 17|17 pages

Slavic Englishes: Education or culture?

ByZoya Proshina

part |2 pages

Section III: Emerging trends and themes

chapter 21|13 pages

Developmental patterns of English: Similar or different?

ByEdgar W. Schneider

chapter 22|15 pages

Variation across Englishes: Phonology

ByDavid Deterding

chapter 23|25 pages

Variation across Englishes: Syntax

ByBernd Kortmann

part |2 pages

Section IV: Contemporary contexts and functions

chapter 26|10 pages

In defence of foreignness

ByHa Jin

chapter 27|19 pages

Writing in English(es)

ByTope Omoniyi

chapter 28|16 pages

Online Englishes

ByMark Warschauer, Rebecca Black, Yen-Lin Chou

chapter 29|14 pages

The Englishes of business

ByCatherine Nickerson

chapter 30|15 pages

Englishes in advertising

ByAzirah Hashim

chapter 31|15 pages

The Englishes of popular cultures

ByAndrew Moody

part |2 pages

Section V: Debates and pedagogical implications

chapter 33|13 pages

Which norms in everyday practice: And why?

ByT. Ruanni F. Tupas

chapter 34|19 pages

Construing meaning in World Englishes

ByAhmar Mahboob, Eszter Szenes

chapter 35|18 pages

Which test of which English and why?

ByBrian Tomlinson

chapter 36|17 pages

When does an unconventional form become an innovation?

ByDavid C.S. Li

chapter 37|19 pages

Academic Englishes: A standardized knowledge?

ByAnna Mauranen, Carmen Pérez-Llantada, John M. Swales

chapter 38|18 pages

Cameroon: Which language, when and why?

ByAugustin Simo Bobda

part |2 pages

Section VI: The future

chapter 39|16 pages

The future of Englishes: One, many or none?

ByAlastair Pennycook