ABSTRACT

Almost everyone residing in a developed nation knows someone who has engaged in paid work that is licit but not reported to the government (e.g., babysitting, gardening, construction, financial consulting). But while most acknowledge that such work is helpful to the individuals involved, and that informal work may enhance a sense of community, most scholars view it as a pre-modern form of exchange and something that disappears as capitalist markets expand globally. Both mainstream and heterodox economics typically assume that there is an inevitable shift towards the formalization of goods and services provisioning as societies become more "advanced" or "developed" (the "formalization thesis"). In these views, the existence of informal activities is a manifestation of backwardness and it is assumed that they will disappear as an economy becomes more "modern."

This book challenges these conventional theses about the linear trajectory of informal work and economic development by arguing that informal work is not trivial for understanding modern capitalist economies, and that both mainstream and heterodox theories about the economy must be altered to address the role of informal work in relatively developed economies.

This edited collection focuses on informal work in various developed nations, including Canada, the United States, and several in Europe. It will therefore be of interest to policymakers, as well as students and researchers in development studies, social policy, sociology, anthropology, public health, geography, economics and planning.

Enrico Marcelli is Assistant Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, USA. Colin C. Williams is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Sheffield, UK. Pascale Joassart is Assistant Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, USA.

chapter 1|8 pages

Introduction

ByENRICO MARCELLI, COLIN C. WILLIAMS, PASCALE JOASSART

part |2 pages

Part I Historical and methodological foundations

chapter 2|23 pages

The changing conceptualizations of informal work in developed economies

ByCOLIN C. WILLIAMS

chapter 3|11 pages

Measuring informal work in developed nations

ByPASCALE JOASSART

part |2 pages

Part II Informal work in Europe

chapter 5|16 pages

Informal employment in the work-welfare arrangement of

ByGermany BIRGIT PFAU-EFFINGER AND SLAĐANA SAKAČ-MAGDALENIĆ

chapter 6|15 pages

Gender and informal work

ByJAN WINDEBANK, COLIN C. WILLIAMS

chapter 7|17 pages

Geographical variations in informal work in contemporary England

ByEngland COLIN C. WILLIAMS

part |2 pages

Part III Informal work in North America

chapter 9|18 pages

Day laborers in New York’s informal economy

ByEDWIN MELÉNDEZ, NIK THEODORE, ABEL VALENZUELA, JR

chapter 10|15 pages

Effects of wage and hour law enforcement on informal work

ByJORDAN RICKLES, PAUL M. ONG

chapter 11|9 pages

The diverse nature of informal work in California

ByENRICO MARCELLI

chapter 12|15 pages

Informal work in rural America: Theory and evidence

ByTIM SLACK, LEIF JENSEN

chapter 13|28 pages

Informal work in Canada

ByBERNARD FORTIN, GUY LACROIX

chapter 14|13 pages

Conclusions

ByCOLIN C. WILLIAMS, ENRICO MARCELLI