Over the past twenty years, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) have become significant elements of national security arrangements, assuming many of the functions that have traditionally been undertaken by state armies. Given the centrality of control over the use of coercive force to the functioning and identity of the modern state, and to international order, these developments clearly are of great practical and conceptual interest.

This edited volume provides an interdisciplinary overview of PMSCs: what they are, why they have emerged in their current form, how they operate, their current and likely future military, political, social and economic impact, and the moral and legal constraints that do and should apply to their operation. The book focuses firstly upon normative issues raised by the development of PMSCs, and then upon state regulation and policy towards PMSCs, examining finally the impact of PMSCs on civil-military relations. It takes an innovative approach, bringing theory and empirical research into mutually illuminating contact. Includes contributions from experts in IR, political theory, international and corporate law, and economics, and also breaks important new ground by including philosophical discussions of PMSCs.

chapter |15 pages


The ethics and governance of private military and security companies
ByAndrew Alexandra, Deane-Peter Baker, Marina Caparini

part |70 pages


chapter 1|11 pages

What are mercenaries?

ByUwe Steinhoff

chapter 2|13 pages

Of ‘mercenaries' and prostitutes

Can private warriors be ethical?
ByDeane-Peter Baker

chapter 3|13 pages

Regulating anarchy

The ethics of PMCs in global civil society
ByMervyn Frost

chapter 4|14 pages

Benevolence, honourable soldiers and private military companies

Reformulating Just War theory
ByJoseph Runzo

part |102 pages

Policies and law

chapter 6|13 pages

Mars meets Mammon

ByAndrew Alexandra

chapter 7|14 pages

Private military companies

Markets, ethics and economics
ByJurgen Brauer

chapter 8|15 pages

Ruthless humanitarianism

Why marginalizing private peacekeeping kills people
ByDoug Brooks, Matan Chorev

chapter 9|12 pages

Private security companies and intelligence provision

ByDominick Donald

chapter 11|12 pages

Private military/security companies

The status of their staff and their obligations under international humanitarian law and the responsibilities of states in relation to their operations
ByEmanuela-Chiara Gillard

chapter 12|18 pages

Regulating private military and security companies

The US approach
ByMarina Caparini

part |77 pages

Civil–military relations

chapter 14|14 pages

Privatized peace?

Assessing the interplay between states, humanitarians and private security companies
ByChristopher Spearin

chapter 15|18 pages

The military and the community

Comparing national military forces and private military companies
ByJessica Wolfendale

chapter 16|12 pages

Interface ethics

Military forces and private military companies
ByAsa Kasher

chapter 17|19 pages

The new model soldier and civil–military relations

ByElke Krahmann