ABSTRACT

The human species is largely defined by its use of spoken language, so integral is speech communication to behavior and social interaction. Despite its importance in everyday life, comparatively little is known about the auditory mechanisms that underlie the ability to understand language. The current volume examines the perception and processing of speech from the perspective of the hearing system. The chapters in this book describe a comprehensive set of approaches to the scientific study of speech and hearing, ranging from anatomy and physiology, to psychophysics and perception, and computational modeling. The auditory basis of speech is examined within a biological and an evolutionary context, and its relevance to applied domains such as communication disorders and speech technology discussed in detail. This volume will be of interest to scientists, engineers, and clinicians whose professional work pertains to any aspect of spoken language or hearing science.

part I|18 pages

Introduction

chapter 1|15 pages

Auditory Processing of Speech

ByWilliam Ainsworth, Steven Greenberg

part II|44 pages

Acoustic and Perceptual Cues Germane to the Perception of Speech

chapter 2|18 pages

Perception of Highly Dynamic Properties in Speech

ByAstrid van Wieringen, Louis Pols

chapter 4|13 pages

Perception of Dynamic Properties of Speech: Peripheral and Central Processes

ByDiane Kewley-Port, Amy Neel

part III|94 pages

Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech Perception

chapter 5|13 pages

From Cochlea to Cortex: A Simple Anatomical Description

ByCarole M. Hackney

chapter 6|12 pages

Neuroanatomical Considerations of Speech Processing

ByJoe C. Adams

chapter 7|23 pages

Anatomy of the Auditory Cortex

ByEike Budinger, Peter Heil

chapter 8|13 pages

Adequacy of Auditory-Nerve Rate Representations of Vowels: Comparison With Behavioral Measures in Cat

ByMurray B. Sachs, Brad J. May, G. S. Le Prell, Robert D. Hienz

chapter 10|14 pages

Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech Perception

ByGeorg Meyer

part IV|64 pages

Neuroethological Parallels to Speech Processing

chapter 12|19 pages

Cross-Species Comparisons of Vocal Perception

ByCharles H. Brown, Joan M. Sinnott

chapter 13|18 pages

Contributions of Nonhuman Animal Models to Understanding Human Speech Perception

ByKeith R. Kluender, Andrew J. Lotto, Lori L. Holt

part V|50 pages

Robustness of Spoken Language in Adverse Acoustic Environments and Its Utility for Speech Recognition

chapter 15|20 pages

Use of Temporal Codes Computed From a Cochlear Model for Speech Recognition 1

ByLi Deng, Hamid Sheikhzadeh

chapter 16|13 pages

Binaural Auditory Images for Noise-Resistant Speech Recognition

ByRoy D. Patterson, Timothy R. Anderson, Keith Francis

part VI|60 pages

Speech Perception By the Hearing and Language Impaired

chapter 18|13 pages

Prosthetic Hearing: Implications for Pattern Recognition in Speech

ByRobert V. Shannon, Qian-Jie Fu, Fan-Gang Zeng, John Wygonski

chapter 20|15 pages

Speech Perception and Auditory Impairment: The Roles of Temporal and Spectral Information

ByAndrew Faulkner, Stuart Rosen

part VII|78 pages

Auditory Scene Analysis and the Perceptual Organization of Speech

chapter 22|23 pages

A Sensorimotor Theory of Speech Perception: Implications for Learning, Organization, and Recognition

ByNeil P. McAngus Todd, Christopher S. Lee, Donald J. O’Boyle

chapter 23|18 pages

Timing Is of the Essence: Neural Oscillator Models of Auditory Grouping in Speech

ByGuy J. Brown, DeLiang Wang

chapter 24|15 pages

Modeling the Auditory Component of Speech

ByDan Ellis

part VIII|26 pages

Conclusion

chapter 25|23 pages

A Multi-Tier Framework for Understanding Spoken Language

BySteven Greenberg