Historically, as well as more recently, women's emancipation has been seen in two ways: sometimes as the `right to be equal' and sometimes as the `right to be different'. These views have often overlapped and interacted: in a variety of guises they have played an important role in both the development of ideas about women and feminism, and the works of political thinkers by no means primarily concerned with women's liberation. The chapters of this book deal primarily with the meaning and use of these two concepts in the context of gender relations (past and present), but also draw attention to their place in the understanding and analysis of other human relationships.

part |1 pages

Part I Women’s citizenship, independence and sexual difference

part |1 pages

Part II Maternity, equality and difference in historical contexts

chapter 4|20 pages

Defining feminism: a comparative historical approach

ByKaren Offen

chapter 5|20 pages

Equality and difference in National Socialist racism

ByGisela Bock

chapter 6|15 pages

The power and powerlessness of women

ByJean Bethke Elshtain

chapter 7|20 pages

Female identity between sexuality and maternity

BySilvia Vegetti Finzi

part |1 pages

Part III Justice, the female self and the politics of subjectivity