In Christian theology, the teaching that Christ possessed both a human and divine will is central to the doctrine of two natures, but it also represents a logical paradox, raising questions about how a person can be both impeccable and subject to temptation. This volume explores these questions through an analytic theology approach, bringing together 15 original papers that explore the implications of a strong libertarian concept of free will for Christology. With perspectives from systematic theologians, philosophers, and biblical scholars, several chapters also offer a comparative theology approach, examining the concept of impeccability in the Muslim tradition.

Therefore, this volume will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in analytic theology, biblical scholarship, systematic theology, and Christian-Islamic dialogue.

chapter |11 pages


Impeccability and temptation

part I|103 pages

Was Christ sinless? Exegetical and historical approaches

chapter 2|17 pages

Sinless or not?

The baptism by John and Jesus’ consciousness of his personal sins

chapter 3|25 pages

“He himself was tempted” (Hebr 2:18)

The temptation of Jesus in the New Testament

chapter 4|19 pages

God’s work and human’s contribution

Jesus’ sinlessness in Theodore of Mopsuestia’s Christology

part II|115 pages

Is Christ impeccable? Systematical approaches

part III|53 pages

Human perfection and sinlessness in Islamic theology

chapter 14|15 pages

The theological concept of imamate

How Imamis reconcile human perfection and free will

chapter |10 pages


Impeccability and sinlessness in Islam and Christianity