This is the first collection of essays focused on the many-faceted work of Kendall L. Walton. Walton has shaped debate about the arts for the last 50 years. He provides a comprehensive framework for understanding arts in terms of the human capacity of make-believe that shows how different arts – visual, photographic, musical, literary, or poetic – can be explained in terms of complex structures of pretense, perception, imagining, empathy, and emotion. His groundbreaking work has been taken beyond aesthetics to address foundational issues concerning linguistic and scientific representations – for example, about the nature of scientific modelling or to explain how much of what we say is quite different from the literal meanings of our words. Contributions from a diverse group of philosophers probe Walton’s detailed proposals and the themes for research they open. The essays provide an overview of important debates that have Walton’s work at their core. This book will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working on aesthetics across the humanities, as well as those interested in the topic of representation and its intersection with perception, language, science, and metaphysics.

chapter 1|22 pages


The Reach of Make-Believe

part I|122 pages

Fiction and the Verbal Arts

chapter 2|16 pages

Fictionality in Imagined Worlds

chapter 3|17 pages

Walton and Fictional Characters

chapter 4|16 pages

Walton on ‘the Paradox of Fiction’

Confusions and Misunderstandings

chapter 5|20 pages

Fear and Loathing in Fictional Worlds

Quasi-Emotion, Nonexistence, and the Slime Paradigm

chapter 6|18 pages

Lyric Self-Expression

chapter 7|15 pages

Reading (With) Others

chapter 8|18 pages

The Puzzle of Fictional Morality

part II|118 pages

Visual Art, Photography, and Music

chapter 9|17 pages

The Puzzle of Make-Believe About Pictures

Can One Imagine a Perception to Be Different?

chapter 12|18 pages

Transparency and Egocentrism 1

chapter 13|16 pages

Photographs and Memories

part III|61 pages

Themes in Aesthetics

chapter 16|19 pages

Style and the Agency in Art 1

chapter 18|22 pages

Playing With the Rules of the Game

Imagination, Normativity, and Address in Aesthetics

part IV|75 pages

Beyond Aesthetics

part V|12 pages

Walton in Conversation

chapter 23|10 pages

Walton in Conversation