The diverse essays in this volume speak to the relevance of phenomenological and psychological questioning regarding perceptions of the human. This designation, human, can be used beyond the mere identification of a species to underwrite exclusion, denigration, dehumanization and demonization, and to set up a pervasive opposition in Othering all deemed inhuman, nonhuman, or posthuman. As alerted to by Merleau-Ponty, one crucial key for a deeper understanding of these issues is consideration of the nature and scope of perception. Perception defines the world of the perceiver, and perceptual capacities are constituted in engagement with the world – there is co-determination. Moreover, the distinct phenomenology of perception in the spectatorial mode in contrast to the reciprocal mode, deepens the intersubjective and ethical dimensions of such investigations.

Questions motivating the essays include: Can objectification and an inhuman gaze serve positive ends? If so, under what constraints and conditions? How is an inhuman gaze achieved and at what cost? How might the emerging insights of the role of perception into our interdependencies and essential sociality from various domains challenge not only theoretical frameworks, but also the practices and institutions of science, medicine, psychiatry and justice? What can we learn from atypical social cognition, psychopathology and animal cognition? Could distortions within the gazer’s emotional responsiveness and habituated aspects of social interaction play a role in the emergence of an inhuman gaze?

Perception and the Inhuman Gaze will interest scholars and advanced students working in phenomenology, philosophy of mind, psychology, psychiatry, sociology and social cognition.

chapter |18 pages


ByAnya Daly, Fred Cummins, James Jardine, Dermot Moran

part I|78 pages

The Gaze in Classical Phenomenology

chapter 2|19 pages

Two Orders of Bodily Objectification

The Look and the Touch
BySara Heinämaa

chapter 3|14 pages

On Eliminativism’s Transient Gaze

ByTimothy Mooney

chapter 4|8 pages

Not Wholly Human

Reading Maurice Merleau-Ponty with Jacques Lacan 1
ByDorothée Legrand

chapter 5|12 pages

Disclosure and the Gendered Gaze in Simone de Beauvoir’s Ethics

ByChristinia Landry

part II|61 pages

Vision, Perception and Gazes

chapter 6|10 pages

Inside the Gaze

ByShaun Gallagher

chapter 7|19 pages

Perception and its Objects

ByMaurita Harney

chapter 8|15 pages

Technological Gaze

Understanding How Technologies Transform Perception
ByRichard S. Lewis

chapter 9|15 pages

The Inhuman Gaze and Perceptual Gestalts

The Making and Unmaking of Others and Worlds
ByAnya Daly

part III|77 pages

Psychiatry, Psychopathology, and Inhuman Gazes

chapter 10|15 pages

Values and Values-based Practice in Psychopathology

Combining Analytic and Phenomenological Approaches
ByG. Stanghellini, K. W. M. (Bill) Fulford

chapter 12|13 pages

Overcoming the Gaze

Psychopathology, Affect, and Narrative
ByAnna Bortolan

chapter 13|13 pages

From Excess to Exhaustion

The Rise of Burnout in a Post-modern Achievement Society
ByPhilippe Wuyts

chapter 14|18 pages

Phenomenology of Blackout Rage

The Inhibition of Episodic Memory in Extreme Berserker Episodes 1
ByJohn Protevi

part IV|45 pages

Beyond the Human

chapter 15|15 pages

Wondering at the Inhuman Gaze

BySean D. Kelly

chapter 16|17 pages

What Counts as Human/Inhuman Right Now?

ByRosi Braidotti

chapter 17|11 pages

Beyond Human and Animal

Metamorphosis in Merleau-Ponty
ByDylan Trigg

part V|52 pages

Sociality and the Boundaries of the Human

chapter 18|13 pages

Voice and Gaze Considered Together in ‘Languaging’

ByFred Cummins

chapter 19|10 pages

Disability and the Inhuman

ByJonathan Paul Mitchell

chapter 20|16 pages

Social Invisibility and Emotional Blindness

ByJames Jardine