This Handbook provides a state-of-the-science review of research and practice in the human dimensions of hazards field.

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Hazards and Society reviews and assesses existing knowledge and explores future research priorities in this growing field. It showcases the work of international experts, including established researchers, future stars in the field, and practitioners. Organised into four parts, all chapters have an international focus, and many include case studies from around the world. Part I explains geophysical and hydro-meteorological/climatological hazards, their impacts, and mitigation. Part II explores vulnerability, resilience, and equity. Part III explores preparedness, responses during environmental hazard events, impacts, and the recovery process. Part IV explores policy and practice, including governments, support provided during and after environmental hazard events, and provision of information.

This Handbook will serve as an important resource for students, academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in the fields of environmental hazards and disaster risk reduction.

chapter 1|9 pages


Environmental hazards today and tomorrow
ByTara K. McGee, Edmund C. Penning-Rowsell

part I|157 pages

Environmental hazards

section |59 pages

Geophysical Hazards

chapter 2|20 pages

Earthquakes and tsunami

ByJulia S. Becker, Sara K. McBride, Lauren J. Vinnell, Wendy S.A. Saunders, Graham S. Leonard, Timothy J. Sullivan, Ken Gledhill

chapter 3|16 pages

Volcanic Eruption

ByDavid K. Chester, Angus M. Duncan

chapter 4|22 pages


ByIrasema Alcántara-Ayala, Marten Geertsema

section |96 pages

Hydro-meteorological/Climatological hazards

chapter 5|15 pages

Tropical cyclones

Experiences from Bangladesh and the United States
ByEdris Alam, Bill DelGrosso

chapter 6|18 pages


ByEdmund C. Penning-Rowsell, Sally M. Priest, Lydia Cumiskey

chapter 7|19 pages


The case of South Africa
ByAndries Jordaan

chapter 8|12 pages

Extreme Heat and Cold

ByMichael J. Allen, Daniel J. Vecellio

chapter 9|13 pages


ByTara K. McGee, Elise Gatti, Amy Cardinal Christianson

chapter 10|18 pages

Climate change

Mitigation and adaptation
ByJörn Birkmann, Hannes Lauer

part II|118 pages

Vulnerability, resilience, and equity

section |72 pages

Vulnerability and resilience

chapter 11|14 pages

Social Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Hazards

ByKathleen Tierney

chapter 12|16 pages


Its discursive and material nature
ByJanki Andharia

chapter 13|13 pages

Community Level Social Capital and Resilience1

ByDaniel P. Aldrich, Michelle A. Meyer

chapter 14|16 pages

Urban and rural interdependencies

Infrastructure services
ByAlexander Fekete, Asad Asadzadeh, Diana Contreras, Johannes Hamhaber, Simone Sandholz, Dominic Sett

chapter 15|12 pages

Critical infrastructure and hazards

A risk modelling approach
ByElco Koks

section |45 pages


chapter 16|16 pages

Environmental justice and hazards

Case studies from the United States and India
ByJayajit Chakraborty, Pratyusha Basu

chapter 17|14 pages

Sexual and gender minorities in disasters

ByDale Dominey-Howes, Scott McKinnon, Andrew Gorman-Murray, Christine Eriksen

chapter 18|14 pages

Indigenous responses to environmental hazard events

BySuzanne Phibbs, Christine Kenney

part III|171 pages

Preparedness, responses, impacts, and recovery

section |46 pages

Adaptation and preparedness

chapter 19|13 pages

Adaptation to flood risk by households and small businesses

ByTim Harries

chapter 20|17 pages

Disaster Preparedness and Risk Reduction

An asian perspective
ByRajib Shaw, Bismark Adu-Gyamfi, Vibhas Sukhwani

chapter 21|15 pages

Emergency Alerts and Warnings

ByJeannette Sutton, Michele M. Wood

section |43 pages


chapter 22|16 pages

Evacuation versus shelter in place

ByJim McLennan, Chris Bearman, Barbara Ryan

chapter 23|14 pages

Volunteers and community participation

ByBlythe McLennan

chapter 24|12 pages

Religious institutions, communities and disasters

ByAbdur R. Cheema

section |45 pages


chapter 25|15 pages

Physical health consequences of disasters

ByPenelope Burns, Gerard FitzGerard

chapter 26|14 pages

Disasters and Mental Health

ByMichael J. Zakour

chapter 27|15 pages

The economic impacts of flood risk reduction

ByEdmund C. Penning-Rowsell

section |34 pages


chapter 28|17 pages

Disaster Recovery

ByBimal K. Paul

chapter 29|16 pages

Regenerating Sociocultural Capacities and Capabilities in Disaster Recovery

ByDouglas Paton, Petra Buergelt, Rey-Sheng Her, Li-ju Jang, Rei-Ling Lai, Ya-Lan Tseng, Ruei-Siang Wu, Saut Sagala

part IV|116 pages

Policy and practice

section |46 pages


chapter 30|20 pages

International agreements and policies

ByLidia Mayner, Virginia Murray

chapter 31|12 pages

Governance issues with environmental hazards

ByLivhuwani Nemakonde, Sizwile Khoza, Dewald Van Niekerk

chapter 32|13 pages

Local Government and Environmental Hazards

ByKristin Taylor, Stephanie Zarb

section |44 pages


chapter 33|14 pages

Humanitarian organizations and aid

ByTammam Aloudat

chapter 34|13 pages

Role of insurance in reducing losses from disasters

ByWouter Botzen, Howard Kunreuther

chapter 35|16 pages

Settlement and Shelter Reconstruction

ByErin P. O’Connell, Brent Doberstein

section |25 pages


chapter 36|11 pages

Disaster risk reduction education

ByGlenn Fernandez

chapter 37|13 pages

News media coverage of environmental hazards

ByBruno Takahashi

part V|8 pages


chapter 38|6 pages


ByEdmund C. Penning-Rowsell, Tara K. McGee