International Perspectives on the Belt and Road Initiative investigates the most significant global‐scale international trade expansion and capital investment programme since the Second World War.

This book focusses on the multi-national perspectives of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in order to interrogate the Chinese government’s representation of it as a symbol of "peace, cooperation, development and mutual benefit." With specific focus on the interrelationship between geopolitics, infrastructure investments and urban regional development, the book reflects on 12 countries’ experiences in depth, including those of Iran, Pakistan, Brazil, Thailand, Indonesia, Japan and Ethiopia, specificly to their economic development levels, political systems, power dynamics and socio-environmental issues. The book clarifies and contributes new knowledge on the nature of BRI concerning its relationship to globalism, neo-colonialism, the notion of developed vs developing countries and their institutions and macro-micro benefits and impacts. In doing so, the book offers a balanced account of the antagonistic geo-political narrative of socio-political conflict and the collaborative framework of real socio-economic flows and development.

The book will appeal to academics, researchers and policy-makers with an interest in the BRI and its impacts on politico-economic development and urban, regional and spatial systems in the Indo-Pacific and beyond.

section Section I|78 pages


chapter 1|20 pages

Re-imagining the Silk Road for the 21st century

BySidh Sintusingha, Hao Wu

chapter 2|29 pages

The BRI from within China

Vision, rationale and the “corridors”
ByWenqi Lin, Shuo Gong, Menghe Wu, Hui Yi

chapter 3|27 pages

The BRI from within China

Mechanisms, institutions and media representations
ByBo Qin, Wei Liu, Yan Zhang

section Section II|218 pages

International context, analysis and outcome

chapter 4|19 pages

Urban development challenges under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

ByMuhammad Imran, Murad Ali, Muhammad Saleem Janjua

chapter 6|18 pages

Establishing the BRI in Thailand

Contrasting “desire lines” in the delivery of two high-speed rail projects
BySidh Sintusingha

chapter 7|27 pages


Chinese participation in infrastructure from contractor to conspirator?
ByToong Khuan Chan

chapter 8|27 pages

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Cambodia

BySun Sheng Han, Ymeng Lim

chapter 9|16 pages

The production of megaprojects in Java

Colonialism, nationalism, development centralisation vs decentralisation
ByEka Permanasari, Sidh Sintusingha

chapter 10|19 pages

The Belt and Road Initiative in Iran

Urban-regional dialogue in two corridors and three cities
ByMorteza Mirgholami

chapter 12|18 pages


The Addis Ababa–Djibouti railway
ByKelly Leviker

chapter 13|15 pages

Strengthening Brazil’s food system

Can China’s Belt and Road help?
ByAdrian H. Hearn

chapter 14|19 pages

Challenges and opportunities to port development with the BRI in Japan

ByZhenjiang Shen, Yajing Zhang

section Section III|25 pages

Comparative perspectives

chapter 15|23 pages

International perspectives of the BRI

New, unfolding globalisation
BySidh Sintusingha, Hao Wu