This handbook provides readers with up-to-date knowledge on environmental movements and activism and is a reference point for international work in the field. It offers an assessment of environmental movements in different regions of the world, macrostructural conditions and processes underlying their mobilization, the microstructural and social-psychological dimensions of environmental movements and activism, and current trends, as well as prospects for environmental movements and social change.

The handbook provides critical reviews and appraisals of the current state of the art and future development of conceptual and theoretical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and understanding of environmental movements and activism. It encourages dialogue across the disciplinary barriers between social movement studies and other perspectives and reflects upon the causes and consequences of citizens’ participation in environmental movements and activities. The volume brings historical studies of environmentalism, sociological analyses of the social composition of participants in and sympathizers of environmental movements, investigations by political scientists on the conditions and processes underlying environmental movements and activism, and other disciplinary inquiries together, while keeping a clear focus within social movement theory and research as the main lines of inquiry.

The handbook is an essential guide and reference point not only for researchers but also for undergraduate and graduate teaching and for policymakers and activists.

chapter 1|15 pages

Environmental movements worldwide

ByMaria Grasso, Marco Giugni

part 1|120 pages

Environmental movements around the world

chapter 2|13 pages

Environmental movements in Western Europe

From globalization and institutionalization to a new model of radicalization in the twenty-first century?
BySylvie Ollitrault

chapter 3|13 pages

Rhapsody in green

Environmental movements in East Central Europe
ByOndřej Císař

chapter 4|18 pages

The “Tar Wars” and climate justice activism in North America

A transboundary movement linking the US and Canada
ByEllen Griffith Spears

chapter 5|17 pages

Geographies of Latin American social-environmental movements

Defending territories and lifeways in the face of violent extractivism
ByJoel E. Correia

chapter 6|16 pages

Environmental movements in Asia

Divergent relationship with political liberalization
ByFengshi Wu

chapter 7|13 pages

Middle East and North Africa

Civil society and environmental activism in the Arab world
BySalpie S. Djoundourian

chapter 8|14 pages

African environmental movements

Africans saving Africa themselves
ByPhia Steyn

chapter 9|14 pages

Rising tides and dirty coal

The environmental movement in Oceania
ByRobyn Gulliver, Susilo Wibisono, Winnifred R. Louis

part 2|124 pages

Issues and movement sectors

chapter 10|16 pages

Environmental conservation

ByAngela G. Mertig

chapter 11|15 pages

Anti-nuclear movements in the US, Europe, and Asia

ByHelena Flam, Hiroshi Honda

chapter 12|15 pages

Extractivism in the Americas' Indigenous

The land of resisters
ByAna Isla

chapter 13|14 pages

Climate change movements in the Global North

ByEugene Nulman

chapter 14|16 pages

Animal rights and anti-speciesism

ByLyle Munro

chapter 15|14 pages

Political consumerism and food activism

ByJasmine Lorenzini

chapter 16|16 pages

Environmental justice and climate justice

ByPhaedra C. Pezzullo

chapter 17|16 pages

Indigenous movements

ByLinda Etchart

part 3|91 pages

Macrostructural conditions and processes

chapter 18|15 pages

Environmental movements and their political context

ByJoost de Moor, Mattias Wahlström

chapter 19|15 pages

Mobilizing environmental experts and expertise

ByScott Frickel, Florencia Arancibia

chapter 21|15 pages

Environmental and animal oriented radicalization

Walking a different path?
ByGerry Nagtzaam, Pete Lentini

chapter 22|13 pages

New forms of environmental movement institutionalization

Marketization and the politics of responsibility
ByHåkan Thörn

chapter 23|14 pages


Environmentalism and the capitalist market
ByPhilip Balsiger

part 4|98 pages

Microstructural and social-psychological dimensions

chapter 24|19 pages

Social class and environmental movements

ByMagnus Wennerhag, Anders Hylmö

chapter 25|16 pages

Political values and socialization in environmental movements

ByDavid B. Tindall, Valerie Berseth, Marjolaine Martel-Morin, Erick Lachapelle

chapter 26|15 pages

Social networks and recruitment for environmental movements

ByClare Saunders

chapter 27|14 pages

Framing environmental issues

ByLouisa Parks

chapter 28|15 pages

Gender and environmental movements

ByChie Togami, Suzanne Staggenborg

chapter 29|17 pages

Environmental activism and everyday life

ByFrancesca Forno, Stefan Wahlen

part 5|67 pages

Consequences and outcomes

chapter 30|19 pages

Policy and legislative outcomes of environmental movements

ByErik W. Johnson, Jon Agnone

chapter 31|16 pages

Influence of environmental movements on public opinion and attitudes

Do people's movements move the people?
ByJoanna K. Huxster

chapter 33|15 pages

Biographical consequences of environmental activism

BySara Vestergren, John Drury

part 6|71 pages

Environmental movements in the twenty-first century

chapter 34|17 pages

Youth and environmental activism

BySarah Pickard, Benjamin Bowman, Dena Arya

chapter 35|14 pages

Environmental movements and digital media

ByAnastasia Kavada, Doug Specht

chapter 36|12 pages

Green democracy

Political imaginaries of environmental movements
ByAmanda Machin

chapter 37|13 pages

Neoliberalism and social-environmental movements in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crash

Linking struggles against social, spatial, and environmental inequality
ByElia Apostolopoulou

chapter 38|13 pages

The future of environmental movements 1

ByCarl Cassegård