This is the first book to offer a philosophical engagement with microaggressions. It aims to provide an intersectional analysis of microaggressions that cuts across multiple dimensions of oppression and marginalization, and to engage a variety of perspectives that have been sidelined within the discipline of philosophy. The volume gathers a diverse group of contributors: philosophers of color, philosophers with disabilities, philosophers of various nationalities and ethnicities, and philosophers of several gender identities. Their unique frames of analysis articulate both how the concept of microaggressions can be used to clarify and sharpen our understanding of subtler aspects of oppression and how analysis, expansion, and reconceiving the notion of a microaggression can deepen and extend its explanatory power. The essays in the volume seek to defend microaggressions from common critiques and to explain their impact beyond the context of college students. Some of the guiding questions that this volume explores include, but are not limited to, the following: Can microaggressions be established as a viable scientific concept? What roles do microaggressions play in other oppressive phenomena like transphobia, fat phobia, and abelism? How can epistemological challenges around microaggressions be addressed via feminist theory, critical race theory, disability theory, or epistemologies of ignorance? What insights can be gleaned from intersectional analyses of microaggressions? Are there domain-specific analyses of microaggressions that would give insight to features of that domain, i.e. microaggressions related to sexuality, athletics, immigration status, national origin, body type, or ability.

Microaggressions and Philosophy features cutting-edge research on an important topic that will appeal to a wide range of students and scholars across disciplines. It includes perspectives from philosophy of psychology, empirically informed philosophy, feminist philosophy, critical race theory, disability theory, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, and social and political philosophy.

chapter 1|35 pages


Microaggressions and Philosophy
ByLauren Freeman

chapter 2|31 pages

Sticks and Stones Can Break Your Bones and Words Can Really Hurt You

A Standpoint Epistemological Reply to Critics of the Microaggression Research Program
ByLauren Freeman, Heather Stewart

chapter 3|12 pages

Microaggressions, Mechanisms, and Harm

ByCameron Evans, Ron Mallon

chapter 4|22 pages

Psychological Research on Racial Microaggressions

Community Science and Concept Explication
ByMorgan Thompson

chapter 5|20 pages

Taking the Measure of Microaggression

How to Put Boundaries on a Nebulous Concept
ByRegina Rini

chapter 6|25 pages

Escalating Linguistic Violence

From Microaggressions to Hate Speech
ByEmma McClure

chapter 7|17 pages

Outing Foreigners

Accent and Linguistic Microaggressions
BySaray Ayala-López

chapter 8|21 pages

I Know What Happened to Me

The Epistemic Harms of Microaggression
BySaba Fatima

chapter 9|21 pages

A Defense of Intentional Microaggressions and Microaggressive Harassment

The Fundamental Attribution Error, Harassment, and Gaslighting of Transgender Athletes
ByChristina Friedlaender, Veronica Ivy

chapter 11|25 pages

The Message in the Microaggression

Epistemic Oppression at the Intersection of Disability and Race
ByJeanine Weekes Schroer, Zara Bain

chapter 12|21 pages

Racial Methodological Microaggressions

When Good Intersectionality Goes Bad
ByTempest M. Henning