This edited collection sheds light on Nordic families’ strategies and methods for transferring significant cultural heritage to the next generation over centuries. Contributors explore why certain values, attitudes, knowledge, and patterns were selected while others were left behind, and show how these decisions served and secured families’ well-being and values. Covering a time span ranging from the early modern era to the end of the twentieth century, the book combines the innovative "history from below" approach with a broad variety of families and new kinds of source material to open up new perspectives on the history of education and upbringing.

chapter |19 pages


Approaches to Changing Values of Upbringing and Education in the Nordic Societies
ByUlla Aatsinki, Johanna Annola, Mervi Kaarninen

part I|56 pages

Raising a Family

chapter 1|17 pages

How to Raise Good Children?

Disciplinary Correction in Early Modern Advice Books
BySatu Lidman

chapter 2|16 pages

When Parenting Fails

Religious Upbringing, Discipline, and Public Disapproval in Early Modern Finland
ByRaisa Maria Toivo

chapter 3|21 pages

The Inheritance of a Good Life

How the Ideals of the Good Life Have Been Negotiated and Transmitted Between Generations in Finland and Canada
ByAntti Häkkinen

part II|92 pages

Transferring Livelihood Values

chapter 4|23 pages

German Families and Their Family Strategies

Marriage and Education in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Provincial Towns in the Northern Baltic
ByUlla Ijäs

chapter 6|22 pages

Culture, Context, and Family Networks

Values and Knowledge Transfers Among Eastern European Jews in the Nordic Countries, 1880–1940
ByVibeke Kieding Banik, Laura Ekholm

chapter 7|27 pages

Parents Know Better?

The Influence of Parents on Young People’s Transitions From Compulsory Schooling to Work and Further Education in Early 1960s Helsinki
BySinikka Selin

part III|61 pages

Focusing on Social Mobility

chapter 8|15 pages

Rethinking Social Mobility

The Social Background and Career of Students from the ‘Vyborg Nation’, 1833–1899
ByOlli Matikainen

chapter 9|20 pages

A Place in the Sun?

Education as a Middle-Class Family Value in Nineteenth-Century Finland
ByJohanna Annola

chapter 10|24 pages

‘Gifted Girls’

The Values, Attitudes, and Experiences of the First Generation of Finnish Female Students in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
ByMervi Kaarninen

part IV|69 pages

Dealing with Tensions

chapter 11|28 pages

Transferring Political Heritage

Finnish‑American Communities and Civic Education
ByUlla Aatsinki

chapter 13|17 pages

Schooling the Muslim Family

The Danish School System, Foreign Workers, and Their Children from the 1970s to the Early 1990s
ByMette Buchardt