This book contributes to the theory and practice of Philosophy for Children (P4C), with a special emphasis on theoretical and practical issues confronting researchers and practitioners working in contexts that are strongly influenced by Confucian values and norms. It includes writings by prominent P4C scholars from four Confucian societies, viz., Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Japan. These writings showcase the diversity of the P4C model, providing a platform for researchers and practitioners to tell their stories in their own Confucian cultural contexts.

The research stories in the first part of the book are concerned with assessing the impact of traditional Confucian norms, promoting critical thinking, reconstructing the notion of community of inquiry, creating moral winds, integrating philosophy into the school curriculum, and localizing teaching methods and materials. Four issues are discussed in the second part of the book: the tension between Confucianism and powerful thinking; cultural challenges for practitioners; the transformation of harmony; and the conception of family. Taken as a whole, the book provides fresh insights into whether and how P4C’s Westerninfluenced theories and practices are compromised when they are applied in non-Western, or rather Confucian, contexts.

A must-read for anyone interested in the theory and practice of P4C and Confucianism in general.

chapter 1|6 pages


The significance of Confucianism in the world
ByChi-Ming Lam

part Part I|2 pages

Philosophy for Children in the Chinese triangle of mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

chapter 2|13 pages

From Confucian dialogues to Socratic dialogues

Some lessons learned from applying P4C in an English as a foreign language classroom
ByShiauping Tian

chapter 7|15 pages

“No one uses chopsticks to drink soup!”

Philosophy for Children in Taiwan
ByPeter Mau-Hsiu Yang, Jane Parish Yang

part Part II|2 pages

Philosophy for Children in Japanese societies

chapter 8|24 pages

Philosophy for children in Confucian societies

The case of Japan
BySatoshi Higuchi, Laurance J. Splitter

chapter 9|15 pages

The development of P4C in Japanese society and the challenges for practitioners

ByTetsuya Kono, Shogo Shimizu

chapter 10|12 pages

Transforming harmony in moral dialogue in the classroom

ByMitsuyo Toyoda

chapter 11|15 pages

INOCHI, or on the ties of “family”

Practical possibilities of Japanese philosophizing with children
ByTakara Dobashi

chapter 12|5 pages


Philosophy for Children in Confucian societies
ByChi-Ming Lam