This volume is the first to focus solely on how specific individuals and groups in Byzantium and its borderlands were defined and distinguished from other individuals and groups from the mid-fourth to the close of the fifteenth century. It gathers chapters from both established and emerging scholars from a wide range of disciplines across history, art, archaeology, and religion to provide an accurate representation of the state of the field both now and in its immediate future. The handbook is divided into four subtopics that examine concepts of group and specific individual identity which have been chosen to provide methodologically sophisticated and multidisciplinary perspectives on specific categories of group and individual identity. The topics are Imperial Identities; Romanitas in the Late Antique Mediterranean; Macro and Micro Identities: Religious, Regional, and Ethnic Identities, and Internal Others; and Gendered Identities: Literature, Memory, and Self in Early and Middle Byzantium. While no single volume could ever provide a comprehensive vision of identities on the vast variety of peoples within Byzantium over nearly a millennium of its history, this handbook represents a milestone in offering a survey of the vibrant surge of scholarship examining the numerous and oft-times fluctuating codes of identity that shaped and transformed Byzantium and its neighbours during the empire’s long life. 

chapter 1|15 pages

Finding Byzantium

ByMichael Edward Stewart, David Alan Parnell, Conor Whately

part Part I|87 pages

Imperial Identities

part Part II|110 pages

Romanitas in the Late Antique Mediterranean

chapter 6|16 pages

To Triumph Forever: Romans and Barbarians in Early Byzantium

ByMichael Edward Stewart

chapter 7|16 pages

Some Considerations on Barbarian Ethnicity in Late Antiquity

ByRobert Kasperski

chapter 8|24 pages

The Elements of Identity as Exemplified by Four Late-Antique Authors

ByRafał Kosiński

chapter 9|18 pages

Manly Goths, Unmanly Romans: Ideologies of Gender in Ostrogothic Italy

ByJonathan J. Arnold

chapter 10|17 pages

Contested Identities in Byzantine North Africa

ByAndy Merrills

chapter 11|17 pages

Contested Identities in the Byzantine West, circa 540–895

ByChristopher Heath

part Part III|116 pages

Macro and Micro Identities: Religious, Regional, and Ethnic Identities, and Internal Others

chapter 14|15 pages

Provincial Identities in Byzantium

ByAnthony Kaldellis

chapter 16|18 pages

Middle Byzantine Historians and the Dichotomy of Peasant Identity

ByCahit Mete Oguz

part Part IV|109 pages

Gendered Identities: Literature, Memory, and Self in Early and Middle Byzantium