ABSTRACT

Since the early 2000s, state-led and innovation-focused strategies have characterized the approach to development pursued in countries around the world, such as China, India, and South Korea. Brazil, the largest and most industrialized economy in Latin America, demonstrates both the opportunities and challenges of this approach. Over the course of nearly 20 years, the Brazilian government enacted various policies and programs designed to strengthen the country’s capacity to innovate. It increased spending on science and technology, encouraged greater collaboration between industry and universities, and fostered the creation of new institutions whose primary aim was to facilitate greater private research and development (R&D) spending.

In this book, the editors unite a diverse array of empirical contributions around a few key themes, including public policies, institutions and innovation ecosystems, and firms and industries, that collectively make the case for a new, forward-looking innovation agenda aimed at addressing persistent challenges and exploiting emerging opportunities in Brazil. Its conclusions offer valuable lessons for other developing and emerging economies seeking to accelerate innovation and growth in the modern age.

With its interdisciplinary and wide-ranging contribution to the study of innovation, as well as attention to broader policy implications, this book will appeal to scholars and professionals alike.

chapter |20 pages

Introduction

Innovation in Brazil: advancing development in the 21st century
ByBen Ross Schneider, Elisabeth B. Reynolds

part I|69 pages

The political economy of innovation

chapter 1|22 pages

Institutions, politics, and state-led innovation

ByDanilo Limoeiro, Ben Ross Schneider

chapter 2|28 pages

Accelerating innovation in Brazil in the age of global value chains

ByEzequiel Zylberberg, Timothy Sturgeon

chapter 3|17 pages

Innovation policy in Brazil since 2003

Advances, incoherencies, and discontinuities
ByGlauco Arbix

part II|77 pages

Towards a knowledge economy

chapter 4|27 pages

Science and innovation in Brazil

Where to now? 1
ByCláudio R. Frischtak

chapter 5|24 pages

Benchmarking university/industry research collaboration in Brazil

ByCarlos Henrique de Brito Cruz

chapter 6|24 pages

Universities as engines of innovation

The context for tech transfer in case studies from Brazil and the U.S.
ByElisabeth B. Reynolds, Fernanda de Negri

part III|88 pages

Institutional innovations

chapter 7|18 pages

Institutional dimensions of innovation policy in Brazil

ByCarlos Américo Pacheco

chapter 8|22 pages

Beyond research and technology organization (RTO) benchmarking

Towards a typology of innovation intermediaries
ByEzequiel Zylberberg

chapter 9|20 pages

Beyond the Silicon Valley consensus

Understanding the organizational challenges and opportunities for promoting innovation in Brazil 1
ByMichael Piore, Cauam Ferreira Cardoso

chapter 10|25 pages

Building trust in innovation

The case of EMBRAPII
ByJoão Fernando Gomes de Oliveira, Jorge Almeida Guimarães

part IV|87 pages

Firms, industries and innovation in the global economy

chapter 11|23 pages

Brazil’s promise

Boosting productivity for shared prosperity 1
ByMark A. Dutz

chapter 12|21 pages

Resource-led industrial development in the oil and gas global value chain

The case of Brazil
ByRenato Lima-de-Oliveira

chapter 13|16 pages

Innovation in advanced energy

Towards a mission-oriented agenda for second-generation (2G) ethanol in Brazil
ByBernardo Gradin, Luiz Horta Nogueira

chapter 14|25 pages

The political economy of collective learning in generic pharmaceuticals 1

ByMaria Victoria del Campo