This textbook provides an overview of qualitive and quantitative methods used in different social sciences to investigate defence issues.

Recently, defence issues have become of increasing interest to researchers in the social sciences, but they raise specific methodological questions. This volume intends to fill a gap in the literature on defence studies by addressing a number of topics not dealt with sufficiently before. The contributors offer a range of methodological reflections and tools from various social sciences (political science, sociology, geography, history, economics and public law) for researching defence issues. They also address the increasingly important question of data and digitalization. The book introduces the added value of quantitative and qualitative methods, and calls for a cross-fertilization of methods in order to facilitate better research on defence topics and to fully grasp the complexity of defence in the 21st century.

This book will be of much interest to students, researchers and practitioners of defence studies, war studies, military studies, and social science research methods in general.

chapter |11 pages

Introduction *

Why methods matter in defence studies
ByDelphine Deschaux-Dutard

part I|93 pages

Qualitative methods in defence studies

chapter 1|16 pages

Defence studies and geographic methodology

From the practical to the critical approach
ByAmaël Cattaruzza

chapter 2|16 pages

Defence studies and public law

Emergence, affirmation and methodology of a research field
ByAnne-Sophie Traversac

chapter 3|13 pages

Historical methods in defence and war studies

The case of historical defence studies in France
ByChristophe Lafaye

chapter 4|16 pages

Secondary analysis of qualitative data in defence studies

Methodological opportunities and challenges
ByLaurent Borzillo, Delphine Deschaux-Dutard

chapter 5|17 pages

Public policy and defence studies

ByCatherine Hoeffler

chapter 6|13 pages

Sociological Methods in defence studies

ByGregor Richter

part II|108 pages

Quantitative methods and defence studies

chapter 7|20 pages

Quantitative analyses in defence studies

ByMayeul Kauffmann

chapter 8|22 pages

Databases for defence studies

ByMayeul Kauffmann

chapter 9|19 pages

Economics methods for defence studies

ByJulien Malizard

chapter 10|19 pages

Voting on the use of armed force *

Challenges of data indexing, classification, and the value of a comparative agenda
ByFalk Ostermann, Florian Böller, Flemming J. Christiansen, Fabrizio Coticchia, Daan Fonck, Anna Herranz-Surrallés, Juliet Kaarbo, Kryštof Kučmáš, Michal Onderco, Rasmus B. Pedersen, Tapio Raunio, Yf Reykers, Michal Smetana, Valerio Vignoli, Wolfgang Wagner

chapter 11|21 pages

The other civil-military gap

Researching public opinion on security and defence policy
ByMarkus Steinbrecher, Heiko Biehl

chapter |5 pages


A plea for cross-fertilization of methods in defence studies
ByDelphine Deschaux-Dutard