This book explores the role of time in rational agency and practical reasoning. Agents are finite and often operate under severe time constraints. Action takes time and unfolds in time. While time is an ineliminable constituent of our experience of agency, it is both a theoretical and a practical problem to explain whether and how time shapes rational agency and practical thought.

The essays in this book are divided into three parts. Part I is devoted to the temporal structure of action and agency, from metaphysical and metaethical perspectives. Part II features essays about the temporal structure of rational deliberation, from the perspective of action theory and theories of practical reasoning. Part III includes essays about the temporal aspects of failures of rationality. Taken together, the essays in this book shed new light on our understanding of the temporality of agency that coheres with our subjective sense of finitude and explains rational agency both in time and over time.

Time in Action will be of interest to advanced students and researchers working on the philosophy of time, metaphysics of action, action theory, practical reasoning, ethical theory, moral psychology, and rational justification.

chapter |12 pages


ByCarla Bagnoli

part I|60 pages

Acting in Time

chapter 1|17 pages

Verbs of Action and Acting in Time

ByJennifer Hornsby

chapter 2|20 pages

Action Cubes and Traces

ByConstantine Sandis

chapter 3|21 pages

Normative Powers, Agency, and Time

ByArto Laitinen

part II|145 pages

Diachronic Self-Governance

chapter 4|33 pages

A Planning Agent's Self-Governance Over Time

ByMichael E. Bratman

chapter 5|25 pages

The Structures of Temporally Extended Agents

ByLuca Ferrero

chapter 6|16 pages

Agency and Time

ByAbraham Sesshu Roth

chapter 7|24 pages

Sticking to It and Settling

Commitments, Normativity, and the Future1
ByCaroline T. Arruda

chapter 8|23 pages

Extended Agency and the Problem of Diachronic Autonomy*

ByJulia Nefsky, Sergio Tenenbaum

chapter 9|22 pages

Hard Times

Self-Governance, Freedom to Change, and Normative Adjustment1
ByCarla Bagnoli

part III|65 pages

Failures of Temporal Agency

chapter 10|22 pages

Weakness and the Memory of Resolutions

ByLaurent Jaffro

chapter 11|21 pages

Inverse Akrasia

A Case for Meta-Reasoning About One's Emotions
ByMonika Betzler

chapter 12|20 pages

Individual Time-Bias and Social Discounting

ByBrian Hedden