The Routledge Handbook of European Integrations fills a significant gap in the European studies literature by providing crucial and groundbreaking coverage of several key areas that are usually neglected or excluded in European integration collections. Whilst still examining the largest and most influential institutions, bodies and highly-funded policy areas as acknowledged dominant topics in European studies, it crucially does so with much greater balance by devoting equal billing to areas such as culture in European integration or new technologies and their impact on the EU.

Organised around three main sections – culture, technology and ‘tangibles’ – the book:

  • offers an authoritative ‘encyclopaedia’ to ‘alternative’ areas in European integration, from media, football, Erasmus and tourism, to transport, space, AI and energy;
  • retains coverage of the dominant topics in European studies, such as the Eurozone, the Common Internal Market, or European law, but in balance with other areas of interest; and
  • provides an essential companion to existing scholarship in European studies.

The Routledge Handbook of European Integrations is essential reading and an authoritative reference for scholars, students, researchers and practitioners involved in, and actively concerned about, research in the study of European integration/studies.

The Open Access version of Chapter 14 in this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

chapter |10 pages


The United States of Europe and new horizons for European integration 1

part 1|185 pages


chapter |6 pages


European integration and culture: four approaches

chapter 1|14 pages

European citizenship

chapter 2|16 pages

The European Union, cultural diversity and the audio-visual industry

The unexpected fate of a “certain idea” of culture

chapter 5|27 pages

Erasmus and the Bologna process

Promoting shared values through mobility, reform, and common instruments

chapter 8|14 pages

European integration, audiovisual governance and global online platforms

Between market rationale, cultural logic and social considerations

part 2|114 pages


chapter 11|12 pages

EU transport policy at a crossroads

The cost of liberalisation for climate change and personal mobility

chapter 14|16 pages

Artificial intelligence in the European Union

Policy, ethics and regulation

chapter 15|15 pages

Developing EU cybercrime and cybersecurity

On legal challenges of EU institutionalisation of cyber law-making 1

part 3|173 pages


chapter 17|16 pages

The European Union's energy policy

From market liberalisation to convergence with climate policy 1

chapter 19|12 pages

European Union law

chapter 20|14 pages

European Monetary Union

European integration at its heart

chapter 21|18 pages

EU differentiated integration as a tangible

Internal and external dimensions

chapter 23|17 pages

Blue signs on the road

European Union funding and citizens' feelings towards membership 1

chapter |6 pages