This book explores the changing role of Muslim women in the economy in the twenty-first century. Sociological developments such as secular education, female-focused policies, national and global commitments to gender equality as well as contemporary technological advances have all served to shift and redefine the domestic and public roles of Muslim women, leading in many places to increases in workplace participation ​and entrepreneurship. The volume investigates the contexts of these shifts and the experiences of women balancing faith and other commitments to actively engage in the economy in vastly different countries.

The book looks at how family codes and the understandings of Muslim male and female roles sit alongside social and economic advances and the increases in women partaking in the economy. ​Within a globalised world, it also highlights the importance of the implementation of the current sustainable development priorities in the context of Muslim societies, including Sustainable Development Goal 5 that focuses on the vital role of women and their full participation in all areas of sustainable development.

With cases ranging from Saudi Arabia, Iran, Bangladesh, ​Pakistan, Indonesia, Nigeria, Kenya through to Spain, Bulgaria​ and Australia, Muslim Women in the Economy will be of considerable interest to those studying, researching and interested in gender, development and religious studies.

chapter |12 pages


Changing prospects for Muslim women in the global economy
ByShamim Samani, Dora Marinova

part 1|87 pages

Gender policies and economic participation

chapter 1|17 pages

Progressing in a man’s world

Women’s workforce participation in Bangladesh
ByShagufta M. Trishna, Amzad Hossain, Dora Marinova

chapter 2|16 pages

Gender parity through the Saudi Vision 2030

Female representation in English as a Foreign Language textbooks
ByAbeer Alshahrani, Shamim Samani, Dora Marinova

chapter 3|21 pages

Cultural assimilation policies in Bulgaria and the plight of Muslim women

BySilvia Lozeva, Dora Marinova, Shamim Samani, Kaloyan Tsvetkov, Georgi Bardarov

chapter 4|16 pages

“Leaving no one behind”

Analysing contexts of education and economic challenges for Muslim women in Northern Nigeria
ByJesudunsin Osinaike, Shamim Samani

chapter 5|15 pages

What hides behind the scarf

Iranian women’s participation in the economy
ByZahra Amrollahi Biyouki, Dora Marinova

part 2|76 pages

Negotiating the workplace

chapter 6|15 pages

Narratives of empowerment

Female domestic workers in Karachi
ByZehra Goawala

chapter 7|13 pages

Mediating between the secular and the religious

Strategies of prominent Spanish women of Moroccan Muslim origins
ByDina Bousselham, Juan Ignacio Castien Maestro

chapter 8|15 pages

Multilayered workplace discrimination faced by Muslim Women in a Western context

ByDerya Iner, Amina Baghdadi

chapter 9|17 pages

Being a Muslim working woman

Experiences of Australian women of Pakistan origin
BySamina Yasmeen

chapter 10|14 pages

A quest for balance

Analysing layers of consciousness beneath a Muslim woman’s career decisions
ByAminah Mah

part 3|57 pages

Opportunities in the global economy

chapter 11|16 pages

Islamic finance and women-focused banking in Kenya

ByShamim Samani

chapter 12|19 pages

The influence of religion on the empowerment and economic mobility of smallholder women dairy farmers in Nigeria

ByNathalie Gogue Ebo, Ifeoma Umunna, Jesudunsin Osinaike

chapter 13|15 pages

Education, digital enterprise and Islam in the Indonesian modern embedded economy

ByMinako Sakai, Bhirawa Anoraga

chapter 14|5 pages


Muslim women in the economy: Looking towards the future
ByShamim Samani, Dora Marinova