The Routledge Handbook of Political Parties provides a systematic and comprehensive overview of the study of political parties provided by leading experts in the field.

In an era of widespread political disillusionment, political parties are often the main targets of citizen dissatisfaction, yet they are the key institutions that make democracy work. Analysing political parties in unrivalled depth and breath, with comparative thematic chapters throughout, as well as a dedicated section on political parties and party politics in specific country and regional settings, this handbook examines and illuminates the key questions around: how parties organise; how their ideologies have evolved over time; their relationship with society; how they differentiate themselves and how they respond to new social, economic, and political developments.

The Routledge Handbook of Political Parties is essential reading and an authoritative reference for scholars, students, researchers and practitioners involved in and actively concerned about research in the study of political parties, party systems, and party politics.

chapter |6 pages


ByNeil Carter, Daniel Keith, Gyda M. Sindre, Sofia Vasilopoulou

part 1|35 pages

Definitions and party evolution

chapter 1|11 pages

Party change beyond the ‘classical models?’ The role of agency, context, and democracy

ByOscar Mazzoleni, Reinhard Heinisch

chapter 2|10 pages

Parties and partisanship in political theory

ByAlfred Moore

chapter 3|12 pages

Party systems and party system change

ByZsolt Enyedi, Fernando Casal Bértoa

part 2|70 pages

Party as an organisation

chapter 4|11 pages

Party organisation

ByAnika Gauja

chapter 5|12 pages

Party membership

BySusan E. Scarrow, Paul D. Webb

chapter 6|10 pages

Party finance

ByDaniela R. Piccio

chapter 7|12 pages

Party institutionalisation

ByNicole Bolleyer

chapter 8|11 pages

Political parties and social movements

ByMyrto Tsakatika

chapter 9|12 pages

Political parties and gender

ByTània Verge

part 3|84 pages

Party ideology and party families

chapter 10|10 pages

Cleavage politics in the twenty-first century

ByJames Dennison, Sophia Hunger

chapter 11|12 pages

The far right

ByDaphne Halikiopoulou

chapter 12|12 pages

The centre-right

Christian Democrats, Conservatives and Liberals
ByMarija Taflaga

chapter 13|12 pages

Liberal parties

ByCaroline Close, Thomas Legein

chapter 14|12 pages

Social democracy

ByBjörn Bremer

chapter 15|12 pages

Radical left parties

ByDaniel Keith, Luke March

chapter 16|12 pages

Green parties

ByNeil Carter

part 4|68 pages

Party competition and representation

chapter 17|12 pages

Party strategies

Valence versus position
ByAgnes Magyar, Sarah Wagner, Roi Zur

chapter 18|10 pages

Issue competition and agenda setting

ByChristoffer Green-Pedersen

chapter 19|11 pages

Niche parties and party competition

ByMarkus Wagner

chapter 20|11 pages

Parties in government and in coalitions

ByZachary Greene, Despina Alexiadou

chapter 21|11 pages

Parties and representation

ByJae-Jae Spoon

chapter 22|12 pages

Personalisation and political parties

ByHelene Helboe Pedersen

part 5|79 pages

Contemporary issues and challenges

chapter 23|11 pages

Populism and parties

ByStijn van Kessel

chapter 24|11 pages

Parties and climate change

ByConor Little

chapter 25|10 pages

Parties and immigration

ByPontus Odmalm

chapter 26|11 pages

Parties and European integration

BySofia Vasilopoulou

chapter 27|11 pages

Parties, issues and gender

ByHilde Coffé, Miki Caul Kittilson, Bonnie M. Meguid, Ana Catalano Weeks

chapter 28|11 pages

Post-conflict political parties

ByCarrie Manning, Gyda M. Sindre

chapter 29|12 pages

Clientelism and political parties

BySergiu Gherghina, Clara Volintiru

part 6|90 pages

Regional comparisons

chapter 30|11 pages

Political parties in Russia and post-Soviet states

ByNeil Robinson

chapter 31|11 pages

Political parties in East Asia

ByKo Maeda

chapter 32|11 pages

Political parties in Southeast Asia

ByAndreas Ufen

chapter 33|10 pages

Political parties in Latin America

BySaskia P. Ruth-Lovell

chapter 34|11 pages

Political parties in Sub-Saharan Africa

ByMatthijs Bogaards

chapter 35|11 pages

Political parties in North Africa

ByLise Storm

chapter 36|12 pages

Political parties in the Arab Middle East

ByHendrik Kraetzschmar, Valeria Resta

chapter 37|11 pages

Political parties in India

ByIndrajit Roy, Maya Tudor

part 7|41 pages

Methods for estimating party preferences

chapter 38|11 pages

Text analysis of party manifestos

ByDaniela Braun

chapter 39|16 pages

Voting advice applications

ByFrederico Ferreira da Silva, Diego Garzia

chapter 40|12 pages

Expert surveys in party research

ByMaurits J. Meijers, Nina Wiesehomeier