Bringing together different strands of research on Middle Eastern diasporas, the Routledge Handbook on Middle Eastern Diasporas sheds light on diverse approaches to investigating diaspora groups in different national contexts.

Asking how diasporans forge connections and means of belonging, the analyses provided turn the reader’s gaze to the multiple forms of belonging to both peoples and places. Rather than seeing diasporans as marginalised groups of people longing to return to a homeland, analyses in this volume demonstrate that Middle East diasporans, like other diasporas and citizens alike, are people who respond to major social change and transformations. Those we count as Middle Eastern diasporans, both in the region and beyond, contribute to transnational social spaces, and new forms of cultural expressions. Chapters included cover how diasporas have been formed, the ways that diasporans make and remake homes, the expressive terrains where diasporas are contested, how class, livelihoods and mobility inflect diasporic practices, the emergence of diasporic sensibilities and, finally, scholarship that draws our attention to the plurilocality of Middle Eastern diasporas.

Offering a rich compilation of case studies, this book will appeal to students of Middle Eastern Studies, International Relations, and Sociology, as well as being of interest to policymakers, government departments, and NGOs.

chapter 1|19 pages

Coming to and coming from the Middle East

The unfolding of diaspora

part I|68 pages

Forming diasporas

chapter 2|16 pages

To be denied a homeland

British Mandate policy and the making of the Palestinian diaspora in Chile

chapter 3|13 pages

The AKP government in Turkey and diaspora-making

Lobbying, public diplomacy and the erasure of difference

chapter 5|12 pages

Opportunities here and there

Digital diasporas and the Iranian American election moment

chapter 6|11 pages

The limits of diaspora

Double vulnerabilities among Eritreans in Saudi Arabia

part II|67 pages

Making and remaking homes

chapter 7|13 pages

The lifecycle of Amazigh diaspora activism in Europe

From institutional pioneers to the new ethnicities of the postmodern age

chapter 8|13 pages

The diasporic Amazigh movement in France

Articulating indigeneity

chapter 9|13 pages

Valorising some and marginalising others

The diasporic field in the making of Lebanon

chapter 10|13 pages

Transnational networks in Tunisia's democratisation

Diaspora activism in France and Italy

part III|77 pages

Expressive terrains of contestation

chapter 14|16 pages

Queering diaspora through visual art

Contesting the double binds of homonationalism

chapter 15|12 pages

Post-tarab identities in diaspora

A sonic imaginary of Arab Canada

chapter 16|12 pages

Resisting marginalisation, renegotiating gender

Intersectional narratives of diaspora experiences

chapter 17|13 pages

Creativity as a contested site of identity-making

Careers, gender and diaspora for Sydney's Lebanese Australians

part IV|65 pages

Class, livelihood and mobility

chapter 18|13 pages

Exploring the creative Israeli diaspora

Reading class and profession in the diaspora

chapter 19|12 pages

Making middle-class lives

Diaspora and belonging among Pakistanis in Dubai

chapter 20|12 pages

Diasporic before the move

China's Hui Muslims' trade and ties with Iran and Muslimness

chapter 21|12 pages

A diasporic balancing act

Syrian entrepreneurs in Turkey, Egypt and Jordan

part V|64 pages

Diasporic sensibilities

chapter 23|13 pages

Return migration and repatriation

Myths and realities in the interwar Syrian mahjar

chapter 25|13 pages

Healed pasts, multiple belongings and multifocal engagements

A Danish-Palestinian diaspora tour

chapter 26|10 pages

Idioms of care

Ageing and connectivity among older Turkish migrants in Sweden

chapter 27|14 pages

The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in Turkey after the 2013 coup

Organisational renewal and renegotiation in the diaspora

part VI|68 pages

Plurilocal diasporas, rethinking mahjar

chapter 28|16 pages

The Hadrami diaspora

A plurilocal mahjar

chapter 29|11 pages

Hadrami connections with the Malay world

Creole histories, transcultural Islam and racialisation

chapter 30|11 pages

Towards a new mode of reading Muslim diaspora writing

Muslimness and the homing desire in Abu-Jaber's Crescent and Shafak's The Saint of Incipient Insanities

chapter 31|15 pages

The Armenian Middle East

Boundaries, pathways and horizons

chapter 32|13 pages

Negotiating placemaking

Public-private spaces and Hinduism in Oman