ABSTRACT

This book is a collection of original, interdisciplinary essays on the topic of medical error. Given the complexities of understanding, preventing, and responding to medical error in ethically responsible ways, the scope of the book is fairly broad. The contributors include top scholars and practitioners working in bioethics, communication, law, medicine and philosophy. Their contributions examine preventable causes of medical error, disproportionate impacts of errors on vulnerable populations, disclosure and apology after discovering medical errors, and ethical issues arising in specific medical contexts, such as radiation oncology, psychopathy, and palliative care. They also offer practical recommendations for respecting autonomy, distributing burdens and benefits justly, and minimizing injury to patients and other stakeholders. Ethics and Error in Medicine will be of interest to a wide range of researchers, students, and practitioners in bioethics, philosophy, communication studies, law, and medicine who are interested in the ethics of medical error.

chapter 1|15 pages

Introduction

Medicine, Mistakes, and Moral Evaluation
BySandra L. Borden

part Part I|52 pages

Questions of Justice

chapter 2|15 pages

Medical Error and Moral Luck 1

ByFritz Allhoff

chapter 3|21 pages

Toward a Restorative Just-Culture Approach to Medical Error

ByJeremy R. Garrett, Leslie Ann McNolty

chapter 4|14 pages

Rehabilitating Blame

BySamuel Reis-Dennis

part Part II|49 pages

Communication and Risk

chapter 5|16 pages

A Communication-Based Approach to Safeguarding Against Medical Errors

The Case of Palliative Care
ByLeah M. Omilion-Hodges

chapter 6|16 pages

Communicating About Technical Failures in Assisted Reproductive Technology

ByRashmi Kudesia, Robert W. Rebar

chapter 7|15 pages

Respecting Patient Autonomy in Radiation Oncology and Beyond

ByMegan Hyun, Alexander Hyun

part Part III|101 pages

Vulnerable Populations

chapter 8|27 pages

Medical Overtesting and Racial Distrust 1

ByLuke Golemon

chapter 9|19 pages

The Epistemology of Medical Error in an Intersectional World

ByDevora Shapiro

chapter 10|33 pages

The Harm of Ableism

Medical Error and Epistemic Injustice 1
ByJoel Michael Reynolds, David Peña-Guzmán

part Part IV|79 pages

Learning From Error

chapter 12|20 pages

Medical Error as a Collaborative Learning Tool

ByJordan Joseph Wadden

chapter 13|19 pages

Inference to the Best Explanation and Avoiding Diagnostic Error

ByDavid Kyle Johnson

chapter 14|26 pages

Psychopathy Treatment and the Stigma of Yesterday’s Research 1

ByRasmus Rosenberg Larsen

chapter 15|12 pages

Reducing Medical Errors Through Simulation

An Ethical Alternative for Training Medical Practitioners
ByT.J. Broy, Maureen Hirthler, Robin Rockhold, Ralph Didlake