This Handbook is the first to explore the emergent field of ‘placemaking’ in terms of the recent research, teaching and learning, and practice agenda for the next few years. Offering valuable theoretical and practical insights from the leading scholars and practitioners in the field, it provides cutting-edge interdisciplinary research on the placemaking sector.

Placemaking has seen a paradigmatic shift in urban design, planning, and policy to engage the community voice. This Handbook examines the development of placemaking, its emerging theories, and its future directions. The book is structured in seven distinct sections curated by experts in the areas concerned. Section One provides a glimpse at the history and key theories of placemaking and its interpretations by different community sectors. Section Two studies the transformative potential of placemaking practice through case studies on different places, methodologies, and theoretical frameworks. It also reveals placemaking’s potential to nurture a holistic community engagement, social justice, and human-centric urban environments. Section Three looks at the politics of placemaking to consider who is included and who is excluded from its practice and if the concept of placemaking needs to be reconstructed. Section Four deals with the scales and scopes of art-based placemaking, moving from the city to the neighborhood and further to the individual practice. It juxtaposes the voice of the practitioner and professional alongside that of the researcher and academic. Section Five tackles the socio-economic and environmental placemaking issues deemed pertinent to emerge more sustainable placemaking practices. Section Six emphasizes placemaking’s intersection with urban design and planning sectors and incudes case studies of generative planning practice. The final seventh section draws on the expertise of placemakers, researchers, and evaluators to present the key questions today, new methods and approaches to evaluation of placemaking in related fields, and notions for the future of evaluation practices. Each section opens with an introduction to help the reader navigate the text. This organization of the book considers the sectors that operate alongside the core placemaking practice.

This seminal Handbook offers a timely contribution and international perspectives for the growing field of placemaking. It will be of interest to academics and students of placemaking, urban design, urban planning and policy, architecture, geography, cultural studies, and the arts.

chapter 1|8 pages


What really matters: moving placemaking into a new epoch
ByCara Courage

section Section 1|56 pages

History and theory of placemaking

chapter |3 pages


Placemaking in the age of COVID-19 and protest
ByJason Schupbach

chapter 2|13 pages

Placemaking as an economic engine for all

ByJames F. Lima, Andrew J. Jones

chapter 4|7 pages

A future of creative placemaking

BySarah Calderon, Erik Takeshita

chapter 5|11 pages

Making places for survival

Looking to a creative placemaking past for a guide to the future
ByJeremy Liu

chapter 6|9 pages

Listen, connect, act

ByKim Cook

section Section 2|76 pages

Practices of placemaking

section |5 pages


chapter 7|9 pages

Conflict and memory

Human rights and placemaking in the city of Gwangju
ByShin Gyonggu

chapter 9|10 pages

From the dust of bad stars

Disaster, resilience, and placemaking in Little Tokyo
ByJonathan Jae-an Crisman

chapter 10|8 pages

From moon village to mural village

The consequences of creative placemaking in Ihwa-dong, Seoul
ByJason F. Kovacs, Hayun Park

chapter 11|9 pages

Free State Boulevard and the story of the East 9th Street Placekeepers

ByDave Loewenstein

chapter 12|11 pages

Public transformation

Affect and mobility in Rural America
ByLyndsey Ogle

chapter 13|11 pages

Sensing our streets

Involving children in making people-centred smart cities
BySean Peacock, Aare Puussaar, Clara Crivellaro

section Section 3|76 pages

Problematizing placemaking

section |5 pages


chapter 14|11 pages

Experts in their own tomorrows

Placemaking for participatory climate futures
ByPaul Graham Raven

chapter 15|11 pages

Un/safety as placemaking

Disabled people’s socio-spatial negotiation of fear of violent crime
ByClaire Edwards

chapter 16|12 pages

More than a mural

Participatory placemaking on Gija Country
BySamantha Edwards-Vandenhoek

chapter 17|12 pages

‘I am not a satnav’

Affective placemaking and conflict in ‘the ginnel that roared’
ByMorag Rose

chapter 18|11 pages

‘Homomonument sounds like a poem’

Queer placemaking 30 years on: a conversational dialogue with Thijs Bartels, author of Dancing on the Homomonument (2003)
ByMartin Zebracki

chapter 19|12 pages

Placemaking in the ecology of the human habitat

ByGraham Marshall

section Section 4|86 pages

Art, artists, and placemaking

chapter |5 pages


The radical potential of placemaking
ByCara Courage

chapter 20|13 pages

Displacemaking 2015 and 2020

ByCatherine Fennell, Daniel Tucker

chapter 22|11 pages

Embedded Artist Project

Epistemic Disobedience + Place
ByFrances Whitehead

chapter 24|14 pages

Artists, creativity, and the heart of city planning

ByTom Borrup

chapter 25|11 pages

‘If you can make it there, you can make it anywhere…’

Cultural placemaking at the heart of cities
BySherry Dobbin

chapter 26|9 pages

Sculpturing sound in space

On The Circle and the Square (2016) by Suzanne Lacy
ByTrude Schjelderup Iversen

section Section 5|86 pages

Placemaking, environment, and sustaining ecologies

section |7 pages

Towards developing equitable economies; the concept of Oikos in placemaking

chapter 27|10 pages

Is ‘tactical urbanism’ an alternative to neoliberal urbanism?

Reflections on an exhibition at the MoMA
ByNeil Brenner

chapter 28|11 pages

Integral placemaking

A poiesis of sophrosynes?
ByIan Wight

chapter 29|13 pages

The solution is in the problem

The art of turning a threat into an opportunity by developing resilience using a Creative Placemaking critical praxis
ByAnita McKeown

chapter 30|8 pages

Ethical placemaking for ecological subjects

ByLisa Eckenwiler

chapter 31|11 pages

Seven generations

A role for artists in Zuni PlaceKnowing
ByTheodore S. Jojola, Michaela P. Shirley

chapter 32|13 pages

The Hollywood Forest Story

Placemaking for the Symbiocene
ByCathy Fitzgerald

section Section 6|60 pages

Placemaking, urban design, and planning

section |3 pages


chapter 34|11 pages

Reconnecting cité and ville

ByPhilip Graus

chapter 36|12 pages

Facilitator skills for effective collaborative placemaking

ByHusam AlWaer, Ian Cooper

chapter 37|11 pages

The Neighbourhood Project

A case study on community-led placemaking by CoDesign Studio
ByLucinda Hartley, Eliza Charley, Samantha Choudhury, Harriet McKindlay

chapter 38|10 pages

Public seating – small important places

ByKylie Legge

section Section 7|64 pages

Researching and evaluating placemaking

section |3 pages


chapter 39|10 pages

Translating Outcomes

Laying the groundwork for interdisciplinary evaluation of creative placemaking
ByJamie Hand

chapter 40|11 pages

Transforming community development through arts and culture

A developmental approach to documentation and research
ByVictor Rubin

chapter 41|10 pages

Rituals of regard

On festivals, folks, and findings of social impact
ByMaribel Alvarez

chapter 42|11 pages

Creative placemaking and placekeeping evaluation challenges from the practitioner perspective

An interview with Roy Chan
ByMaria Rosario Jackson

chapter 43|7 pages

A theory of change for creative placemaking

The experience of the National Endowment for the Arts’ Our Town program: An interview with Patricia Moore Shaffer, PhD
ByMaria Rosario Jackson

chapter 44|10 pages

Creative Placemaking and comprehensive community development

Rethinking neighborhood change and evaluation
ByMaria Rosario Jackson

section |18 pages


section |2 pages


chapter 45|14 pages

How the city speaks to us and how we speak back

Rewriting the relationship between people and place
ByRosanna Vitiello, Marcus Willcocks