Addressing the social problems associated with trauma and mental health amongst African Americans in urban environments, this book uses an African-centered lens to critique the most common practice models and interventions currently employed by social workers in the field.

Divided into four parts and grounded in traditional African cultural values, it argues that basic key values in a new clinical model for mental health diagnosis are:

  • A spiritual component
  • Collective/group approach
  • Focus on wholeness
  • Oneness with Nature
  • Emphasis on truth, justice, balance, harmony, reciprocity, righteousness, and order

Being free from racism, sexism, classism, and other forms of oppression, this African-centered approach is crucial for working with people of African origin who experience daily "trauma" through adverse living conditions.

This book will be key reading on any practice and direct service course at both BSW and MSW level and will be a useful supplement on clinical courses as well as those aimed at working with diverse populations and those living in urban environments.

part 1|9 pages


chapter 1|7 pages

Reclaiming our right to wholeness and wellness

ByRhonda Wells-Wilbon

part 2|55 pages

Conceptualizing urban practice and mental health

chapter 2|13 pages

Living while Black

The psychophysiological health implications of vicarious racial trauma
ByTerra L. Bowen-Reid, Ingrid K. Tulloch

chapter 3|14 pages

Sacred spaces

Spirituality as a healing-centered modality for trauma in urban communities
ByKevin Daniels, Georgia Jennings-Dorsey

chapter 4|12 pages

Somatic experiencing, EMDR, and Brainspotting

An African-centered critique
ByPaula Langford

chapter 5|14 pages

Culturally relevant, trauma-responsive, and healing-centered social work supervision

ByPaul Archibald, Nia Johnson

part 3|71 pages

Trauma and the legacy of the Black experience

chapter 6|14 pages

Encapsulating our truths

An Afrocentric approach to addressing trauma in African American culture
ByLaTanya N. Townsend, Tonya C. Phillips, Rhea C. Porter

chapter 7|12 pages

Intimate partner violence, trauma, and mental health

ByBent-Goodley Tricia, Noelle St. Vil, Aaliah Zonicle, Lennon Jackson, Sakima Romero-Chandler

chapter 8|14 pages

Sexual assault interventions

Inclusion of African-centered intervention strategies for sexual assault survivors
ByYolanda Bogan, Rhea C. Porter, Chelsey Henderson, Rhonda Wells-Wilbon

chapter 9|15 pages

The fingerprint of trauma on Black youth

A critical analysis of Eurocentric social work models with African American adolescents and the shift toward the Afrocentric paradigm
ByCashmere O’Neal, Loren Henderson

chapter 10|14 pages

Cocoa butter

How Black mothers prevent, protect, and heal their daughters from racialized gender trauma
ByS. Rasheem

part 4|78 pages

In the trenches

chapter 11|14 pages

Being an informal caregiver

A multigenerational issue across the life span
ByTina Jordan

chapter 12|11 pages

Trauma and education among young Black males

Exploring African-centered rites of passage programming as a protective factor
ByDavid Miller, Deidre McDaniel

chapter 13|12 pages


Restoring the spirits of foster care and adopted children who have experienced loss
ByTiffany Y. Lane, Jazlyn A. Bain, Stephanie Oyler

chapter 14|13 pages

Addressing substance use through African-centered practice approaches

ByAnthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, Len Price, Korey Johnson

chapter 15|13 pages

Addressing HIV/AIDS in the Black community

Examining culturally responsive approaches
ByJordan White, Anthony Estreet

chapter 16|13 pages


The new slavery
ByJaneen Cross, Natalie Muñoz