Focusing on extant speeches from the Athenian Assembly, law, and Council in the fifth–fourth centuries BCE, these essays explore how speakers constructed or deconstructed identities for themselves and their opponents as part of a rhetorical strategy designed to persuade or manipulate the audience.

According to the needs of the occasion, speakers could identify the Athenian people either as a unified demos or as a collection of sub-groups, and they could exploit either differences or similarities between Athenians and other Greeks, and between Greeks and ‘barbarians’. Names and naming strategies were an essential tool in the (de)construction of individuals’ identities, while the Athenians’ civic identity could be constructed in terms of honour(s), ethnicity, socio-economic status, or religion. Within the forensic setting, the physical location and procedural conventions of an Athenian trial could shape the identities of its participants in a unique if transient way.

The Making of Identities in Athenian Oratory is an insightful look at this understudied aspect of Athenian oratory and will be of interest to anyone working on the speeches themselves, identity in ancient Greece, or ancient oratory and rhetoric more broadly.

part I|68 pages

The politics of naming and individuals’ rhetorical identities

chapter 2|15 pages

The two Mantitheuses in Demosthenes 39 and [Demosthenes] 40

A case of Athenian identity theft?

chapter 4|18 pages

Constructing gender identity

Women in Athenian trials

part II|69 pages

The rhetorical construction of civic identities

part III|55 pages

Social and material dimensions of Athenian identities

chapter 9|18 pages

The rich and the poor, conflicts and alliances

Socio-economic identities and their uses in the Demosthenic corpus