Agent-Based Modelling for Criminological Theory Testing and Development addresses the question whether and how we can use simulation methods in order to test criminological theories, and if they fail to be corroborated, how we can use simulation to mend and further develop theories.

It is by no means immediately obvious how results being observed in an artificial environment have any relevance for what is going on in the real world. By using the concept of a "stylized fact," the contributors bridge the gap between artificial and real world. With backgrounds in criminology or artificial intelligence (AI), these contributors present agent-based model studies that test aspects of various theories, including crime pattern theory, guardianship in action theory, near repeat theory, routine activity theory, and general deterrence theory. All six simulation models presented have been specially developed for the book. Contributors have specified the theory, identified stylized facts, developed an agent-based simulation model, let it run, and interpreted whether the chosen stylized fact is occurring in their model, and what we should conclude from congruence or incongruence between simulation and expectations based on the theory under scrutiny. The final chapter discusses what can be learnt from these six enterprises.

The book will be of great interest to scholars of criminology (in particular computational criminologists and theoretical criminologists) and AI (with an emphasis on AI for generative social processes), and more widely researchers in social science in general. It will also be valuable for master's courses in quantitative criminology.

chapter 1|12 pages

Agent-based modeling for criminological theory testing and development

ByCharlotte Gerritsen, Henk Elffers

chapter 2|32 pages

Generating crime generators

ByToby Davies, Daniel Birks

chapter 3|26 pages

Using agent-based models to investigate the presence of edge effects around crime generators and attractors

ByVerity Tether, Nick Malleson, Wouter Steenbeek, Daniel Birks

chapter 4|33 pages

Examining guardianship against theft

ByElizabeth R. Groff, Jennifer Badham

chapter 5|42 pages

A simulation study into the generation of near repeat victimizations

ByWouter Steenbeek, Henk Elffers

chapter 7|20 pages

Corruption and the shadow of the future

A generalization of an ABM with repeated interactions
ByNick van Doormaal, Stijn Ruiter, Andrew M. Lemieux

chapter 8|10 pages

Agent-based modeling for testing and developing theories

What did we learn?
ByHenk Elffers, Charlotte Gerritsen, Daniel Birks