This volume brings together researchers whose analysis and insights provide a comprehensive and up-to-date account of Singapore’s rich linguistic diversity. Applying a combination of descriptive, empirical, and theoretical approaches, the authors investigate not only official languages such as English, Mandarin, Malay, and Tamil, but also minority languages such as the Chinese vernaculars and South Asian and Austronesian languages. The chapters in this volume trace the historical development, contemporary status, and functions of these languages, as well as potential scenarios for the future. Exploring the tension between language policies and linguistic realities in Singapore, the contributions in this volume capture the shifting educational, political, and societal priorities of the community through its past and contemporary present.

chapter 1|11 pages

Multilingual Singapore

Language policies, challenges, and responses
ByRitu Jain

chapter 2|16 pages

The fetishization of official languages

ByLionel Wee

chapter 3|19 pages

Singapore English, language mixing, and vernacular speech

ByKingsley Bolton, Werner Botha

chapter 4|18 pages

Spoken Tamil in Singapore

ByHelen Dominic, Lavanya Balachandran

chapter 5|20 pages

The other mother tongues of Singaporean Indians

ByRitu Jain

chapter 6|20 pages

The changing status of Malayalam in Singapore

ByAnitha Devi Pillai, Rani Rubdy

chapter 7|19 pages

Singapore’s other Austronesian languages

ByGeoffrey Benjamin

chapter 8|18 pages

Baba Malay

ByAnne Pakir

chapter 9|17 pages

Pronouncing the Malay identity

Sebutan Johor-Riau and Sebutan Baku
ByMukhlis Abu Bakar, Lionel Wee

chapter 10|20 pages

The curious case of Mandarin Chinese in Singapore

ByNg Bee Chin, Francesco Cavallaro

chapter 11|18 pages

Chinese dialects in Singapore

Context and situation
ByGoh Hock Huan, Lim Tai Wei

chapter 12|16 pages

Unpacking ‘multilingualism’

Filipinos in Singapore
ByRuanni Tupas

chapter 13|7 pages


Towards a liquid-multilingual Singapore? An outsider’s view
ByLi Wei