Globally, environmental impact assessment (EIA) is one of the most enduring and influential environmental management tools. This handbook provides readers with a strong foundation for understanding the practice of EIA, by outlining the different types of assessment while also providing a guide to best practice.

This collection deploys a research and practice-based approach to the subject, delivering an overview of EIA as an essential and practical tool of environmental protection, planning, and policy. To best understand the most pertinent issues and challenges surrounding EIA today, this volume draws together prominent researchers, practitioners, and young scholars who share their work and knowledge to cover two key parts. The first part introduces EIA processes and best practices through analytical and critical chapters on the stages/elements of the EIA process and different components and forms of assessment. These provide examples that cover a wide range of assessment methods and cross-cutting issues, including cumulative effects assessment, social impact assessment, Indigenous-led assessment, risk assessment, climate change, and gender-based assessment. The second part provides jurisdictional reviews of the European Union, the US National Environmental Policy Act, recent assessment reforms in Canada, EIA in developing economies, and the EIA context in England.

By providing a concise outline of the process followed by in-depth illustrations of approaches, methods and tools, and case studies, this book will be essential for students, scholars, and practitioners of environmental impact assessment.

part Part I|258 pages

Types of Assessment, Issues, and Practices

chapter 1|19 pages

An introduction to environmental impact assessment

ByKevin Hanna, Lauren Arnold

chapter 2|20 pages

Strategic environmental assessment

A spectrum of understandings
ByMaria Rosario Partidario

chapter 3|17 pages

Cumulative effects assessment

ByBram Noble

chapter 4|18 pages

Assessing social impacts and promoting sustainability

ByAnne Merrild Hansen

chapter 5|21 pages

Risk assessment and risk analysis

ByAyla De Grandpré, Karaline Reimer

chapter 6|16 pages

Sustainability assessment principles and practices

ByAngus Morrison-Saunders, Alan Bond, Jenny Pope, Francois Retief

chapter 7|17 pages

Climate change in environmental assessment in Europe

A lot of potential and a lot to do
ByAlexandra Jiricka-Pürrer, Thomas B. Fischer

chapter 8|16 pages

Health impact assessment

ByChris G. Buse

chapter 10|15 pages

Regional assessment

ByLauren Arnold, Chris G. Buse, Rob Friberg, Bram Noble, Kevin Hanna

chapter 11|20 pages

Gender analysis and environmental impact assessment

Challenges and opportunities for transformative approaches
ByPriya Bala-Miller, Nicole Peletz, Kevin Hanna

chapter 13|18 pages

Indigenous impact assessment

A quiet revolution in EIA?
ByCiaran O'Faircheallaigh, Alistair MacDonald

chapter 14|20 pages

Innovative approaches to achieving meaningful public participation in next-generation impact assessment

ByA. John Sinclair, Alan P. Diduck, John R. Parkins

part Part II|98 pages

Jurisdictional Profiles

chapter 15|21 pages

A practitioner's guide to EIA in developing countries

ByReece C. Alberts, Francois P. Retief, Claudine Roos, Dirk P. Cilliers

chapter 16|20 pages

The European Union Environmental Impact Assessment Directive

Strengths and weaknesses of current practice
ByGesa Geißler, Johann Köppel, Marie Grimm

chapter 17|16 pages

The United States National Environmental Policy Act

History, Process, and Politics
ByMatt Lindstrom, Ben West

chapter 18|14 pages

EIA in England

ByJosh Fothergill, Thomas B. Fischer

chapter 19|25 pages

Environmental assessment reform in Canada

ByJeff Nishima-Miller