ABSTRACT

Substance Misuse and Young People: Critical Issues is a comprehensive source of information on young people’s requirements for assessment, treatment and other interventions because of their misuse of substances. It highlights approaches that enhance understanding of the routes that lead young people to substance misuse and also the routes away from it. The emergence of new substances and methods of misuse makes this ever more relevant. The authors are international experts in the fields of psychiatry, paediatrics, medicine, psychology, genetics, resilience, neuropharmacology and epidemiology.

This book acknowledges how widespread both substance misuse and psychiatric disorders are and explores the complex, challenging links between co-occurring conditions. Use of substances is associated with illness and premature mortality, and more so for people who have combined disorders. The authors critically assess the vital need for intervention during adolescence and early adulthood. They provide detailed clinical views of the psychosocial interventions and medications currently available and illustrate them with case studies that emphasise adolescents’ experiences and thoughtful lifestyle-specific interventions.

This book provides theoretical knowledge and indicates the practical skills that practitioners require for work with young people who misuse substances. It is highly applicable to medical practitioners, psychologists, pharmacists, social workers, police officers, probation officers, educationalists and related social and healthcare professionals.

chapter Chapter 1|6 pages

Setting the scene: Young people who use and misuse substances

ByIlana B. Crome, Richard Williams

part Part 1|2 pages

Background considerations

chapter Chapter 2|7 pages

The historical context of drug use by young people

ByAlex Mold

chapter Chapter 3|12 pages

Drug use from adolescence to later years: Persistence or progress?

ByRoy Robertson, Saket Priyadarshi, James Robertson

chapter Chapter 5|14 pages

Psychosocial resilience, adaptive capacities and the psychosocial approach

ByRichard Williams, Verity Kemp

chapter Chapter 6|16 pages

Acute management of substance use disorders in youth

ByDarren Courtney, Robert Milin

part Part 2|2 pages

Epidemiology and determinants of substance use and misuse

chapter Chapter 7|17 pages

Epidemiology of substance use disorders among young people

ByMartin Frisher, Sam Weston

chapter Chapter 8|8 pages

Psychological determinants of substance misuse by young people

ByPaul McArdle

chapter Chapter 9|7 pages

Genetic and environmental determinants of adolescent alcohol use

ByToni-Kim Clarke, Richard C. Crist

chapter Chapter 10|17 pages

Substance misuse and young people: Reward mechanisms

ByLiam Nestor, David Nutt

chapter Chapter 11|9 pages

Pharmacogenetics of opioid addiction: Are they relevant to young people?

ByFleur Davey, Alexander Baldacchino

part Part 3|2 pages

The drugs that are used and misused

chapter Chapter 12|34 pages

Central nervous system depressants

ByRoger Bloor, Xenofon Sgouros

chapter Chapter 13|50 pages

Stimulants and psychedelics

ByRoger Bloor, Xenofon Sgouros

chapter Chapter 14|15 pages

Cannabis

ByXenofon Sgouros

chapter Chapter 15|21 pages

Novel psychoactive substances and inhalants

ByRoger Bloor, Xenofon Sgouros

part Part 4|2 pages

Young people who have particular needs

chapter Chapter 17|17 pages

Young people who use and misuse substances while they are pregnant

ByLaura Brandt, Laura Moser, Gabriele Fischer

chapter Chapter 18|41 pages

Substance misuse and comorbid psychiatric disorders

ByAlka Ahuja, Ilana B. Crome

chapter Chapter 19|17 pages

Substance misuse and forensic adolescent mental health

BySue Bailey, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Louise Theodosiou

part Part 5|2 pages

Needs assessment, screening and diagnosis

chapter Chapter 22|6 pages

Screening and standardised assessment

ByRoger Bloor

chapter Chapter 23|7 pages

Diagnostic laboratory investigations

ByRoger Bloor

part Part 6|2 pages

Intervening to help young people

chapter Chapter 24|13 pages

Educational and family approaches to drug prevention for young people

ByEric Carlin, Jeff Lee

chapter Chapter 25|27 pages

Psychosocial treatments

ByAnne Taylor

chapter Chapter 26|26 pages

Pharmacological interventions

ByDeborah Judge, Lisa Mellen

chapter Chapter 27|9 pages

Treatment of adolescents who have co-occurring substance misuse and suicidal behaviours

ByDavid B. Goldston, Angela M. Tunno, Christianne Esposito-Smythers