This Handbook provides a systematic overview of the study of policy styles provided by leading experts in the field. 

The book unites theoretical bases and advancements in practice, ranging from the fundamentals of policy styles to its place in greater policy studies, and responds to new questions regarding policy style dynamics across a range of government levels and activities, including contemporary trends affecting styles such as the use of digital tools and big data in government. It is a comprehensive reference for students and scholars of public policy. 

Key features:

  • consolidates and advances the contemporary body of knowledge on policy styles and defines its distinctiveness within broader policy studies; 
  • provides a detailed picture of national policy styles in a wide range of countries as well as insights concerning sectoral and other kinds of styles within countries, including executive styles and styles of policy advice; 
  • systematically explores questions dealing with how policy styles impact policy goals, and the realization of policies, including how styles affect instruments choices and impact;
  • provides a guide to future comparative research pathways and cross-sectoral dialogue on the concept and practice of policy styles.

The Routledge Handbook Policy Styles is essential reading and an authoritative reference for scholars, students, researchers and practitioners of public policy, public administration, public management as well as for comparative politics and government, public organizations and individual policy areas such as health policy, welfare policy, industrial policy, environmental policy, among others.

chapter 1|10 pages


Studying policy styles at the national level and beyond
ByMichael Howlett, Jale Tosun

section Section 1|203 pages

Institutional styles

part 1|62 pages

National policy styles: concepts and cases

chapter 2|10 pages

National policy styles in theory and practice

ByMichael Howlett, Jale Tosun

chapter 3|13 pages

Adversarial legalism and the American style of policymaking

ByJeb Barnes

chapter 4|12 pages

Experimentalism as a policy style

The case of China
ByJiwei Qian

chapter 5|13 pages

From the ‘rationalist consensus’ to ‘exclusive incrementalism’

The ‘new’ German policy style
ByReimut Zohlnhöfer, Jale Tosun

chapter 6|12 pages

Authoritarian policy styles

Post-Soviet Central Asia
ByAziz Burkhanov

part 2|75 pages

Sectoral policy styles

chapter 7|12 pages

The concept of a sectoral policy style

ByPaul Cairney

chapter 8|16 pages

Three worlds of social policy styles

Lasting legacies or a thing of the past?
ByAlexander Horn, Jennifer Shore

chapter 9|18 pages

Policy styles in healthcare

Understanding variations in health systems
ByAzad Singh Bali, Adam Hannah

chapter 10|12 pages

Operationalising and explaining environmental policy styles

ByJale Tosun, Marc Debus

chapter 11|15 pages

Finance and monetary policy styles

ByCaner Bakir, M. Kerem Coban

part 3|63 pages

Administrative and governance styles

chapter 12|12 pages

The concept of administrative styles

ByLouisa Bayerlein, Christoph Knill, Dionys Zink

chapter 13|11 pages

The styles of civil service systems

ByJohn Halligan

chapter 14|12 pages

Empirically assessing administrative styles as bureaucratic routines

ByLouisa Bayerlein, Christoph Knill, Yves Steinebach, Dionys Zink

chapter 15|16 pages

Convergence in administrative implementation styles in the European Union?

ByMark Wiering, Tetty Havinga

chapter 16|10 pages

Governance styles

Re-thinking governance and public policy
ByMichael Howlett, Giliberto Capano, M. Ramesh

section Section 2|218 pages

Process styles

part 4|40 pages

Agenda-setting styles

chapter 17|14 pages

Media-driven agenda-setting styles

ByMax Grömping

chapter 18|11 pages

Interest groups and agenda-setting styles

ByDarren R. Halpin, Bert Fraussen

chapter 19|13 pages

The politics of parliamentary agenda-setting styles

ByShaun Bevan, Enrico Borghetto, Henrik Seeberg

part 5|43 pages

Formulation, advisory, and design styles

chapter 20|14 pages

Policy formulation styles

Policy design and non-design
ByMichael Howlett, Ishani Mukherjee

chapter 21|13 pages

Policy over- and underreaction as policy styles

ByMoshe Maor

chapter 22|14 pages

Styles of policy advice

A typology for comparing the standard operating procedures for the provision of policy advice
ByDavid Aubin, Marleen Brans

part 6|39 pages

Executive and leadership decision-making styles

chapter 23|12 pages

Executive policy styles

ByChristopher A. Cooper, Patrik Marier

chapter 24|13 pages

Leaders’ and managers’ decision-making styles

ByMaria Tullia Galanti

chapter 25|12 pages

Varieties of executive styles

ByKai Wegrich

part 7|38 pages

Implementation styles

chapter 26|12 pages

Instruments and implementation styles

ByMichael Howlett, Anthony Perl, M. Ramesh

chapter 27|11 pages

Regulatory styles and their implications

ByChristian Adam, Steffen Hurka

chapter 28|13 pages

Implementation style dynamics

Changing patterns of instrument choice over time?
ByMichael Howlett

part 8|54 pages

Evaluation styles

chapter 29|14 pages

When policy learning meets policy styles

ByClaire A. Dunlop, Claudio M. Radaelli

chapter 30|13 pages

Participatory vs expert evaluation styles

ByFritz Sager, Céline Mavrot

chapter 31|14 pages

Policy evaluation styles

ByFabrizio De Francesco, Valérie Pattyn

chapter 32|11 pages

Institutional and process dimensions of policy styles

Key insights
ByMichael Howlett, Jale Tosun