First published in 1986. Nations have a unity often described as 'cultural'; and within them there are divergences some of which are termed 'political'. But culture and politics do not, therefore, comprise two wholly distinct zones or orders of experience, the one marked by unity, the other by plurality. Unity and plurality interpenetrate.

These insights, which derive from the thinking of Herder, have been fundamental to the work of F. M. Barnard. In this volume a number of scholars contribute, in Barnardian vein, reflections on the tensions between unity and plurality in the history of ideas. The central underlying question is, in essence, ’what is the context of political life?’ The question remains of more importance than any single answer.

chapter |11 pages

Heine’s ‘Various Concepts of History’

ByHanna Spencer

chapter |14 pages

The Fatherland In MachiavellI

ByAnthony Parel

chapter |23 pages

Rousseau: Will and Politics

ByJ.M. Porter

chapter |23 pages

The Decline of Utopian Ideas in the West

ByIsaiah Berlin

chapter |19 pages

Moral Pluralism and the Liberal Mind*

ByRichard Vernon

chapter |26 pages

Pluralism, Community and Human Nature

ByCaroline McCulloch, Geraint Parry