This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years.

Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades.

Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.

chapter 1|7 pages

Contextualizing and conceptualizing relationships in natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods

An introduction overview
ByNaomi N. Moswete, Monkgogi Lenao, Moren T. Stone

part Part I|81 pages

Natural resources management and conservation in Southern Africa

chapter 2|15 pages

Historical evolution of conservation and tourism in Southern Africa

The case of Botswana
ByBongani Glorious Gumbo

chapter 3|12 pages

Nature tourism, wildlife resources and community-based conservation

The case study of Malawi
ByJames Malitoni Chilembwe

chapter 4|14 pages

The context and future of tourism in Africa’s national parks

Could privatization within protected areas be the panacea?
ByCleopas Njerekai

chapter 6|14 pages

Navigating community conservancies and institutional complexities in Namibia

ByPaul Hebinck, Richard Dimba Kiaka, Rodgers Lubilo

chapter 7|12 pages

Fourteen years of tourism and climate change research in Southern Africa

Lessons on sustainability under conditions of global change
ByGijsbert Hoogendoorn, Jennifer M. Fitchett

part Part II|68 pages

Natural resource-based tourism development and growth in Southern Africa

chapter 8|15 pages

The analysis of conflict and coexistence of traditional and contemporary land uses

ByPatricia K. Mogomotsi, Melville Saayman, Andrea Saayman

chapter 9|15 pages

Local people’s perspectives on wildlife conservation, ecotourism and community livelihoods

A case study of Lusaka National Park, Zambia
ByVincent R. Nyirenda, Castro Milimo, Ngawo Namukonde

chapter 10|20 pages

Tourism and poverty alleviation in the Global South

Emerging corporate social responsibility in the Namibian nature-based tourism industry
ByMary-Ellen Kimaro, Jarkko Saarinen

chapter 11|16 pages

Revisiting devolution in community-based natural resources management in Zimbabwe

Towards inclusive governance approaches
ByJones Mudimu Muzirambi, Regis Musavengane, Kevin Mearns

part Part III|59 pages

Conservation and tourism development debates in Southern Africa

chapter 13|14 pages

Role of forest resources in local community livelihoods

Implications for conservation of Chobe Forest Reserve, Botswana
ByJoyce Lepetu, Hesekia Garekae

chapter 14|15 pages

An assessment of supply-side factors and ecotourism in Mauritius

BySeetanah Boopen, R.V. Sannassee

chapter 15|13 pages

Investigating sustainable development goals, livelihoods and tourism development in a rural protected area

The iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa
ByFelicite A Fairer-Wessels

part Part IV|48 pages

Southern Africa in the world

chapter 16|14 pages

Natural resources, sustainable tourism development and community livelihoods relationships

A comparison between Botswana and the USA
Edited ByMoren T. Stone, Gyan P. Nyaupane, Dallen J. Timothy, Lesego S. Stone

chapter 17|19 pages

Economic assessment of tourism-based livelihoods for sustainable development

A case of handicrafts in Southern and Eastern Africa
ByGagoitseope Mmopelwa, Lesego Mackenzie

part Part V|10 pages


chapter 19|8 pages


Natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relationships: contemplating the future
Edited ByMonkgogi Lenao, Naomi Moswete, Moren T. Stone