This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years.

Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades.

Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.

part I|81 pages

Natural resources management and conservation in Southern Africa

chapter 4|14 pages

The context and future of tourism in Africa’s national parks

Could privatization within protected areas be the panacea?

chapter 7|12 pages

Fourteen years of tourism and climate change research in Southern Africa

Lessons on sustainability under conditions of global change

part II|68 pages

Natural resource-based tourism development and growth in Southern Africa

chapter 10|20 pages

Tourism and poverty alleviation in the Global South

Emerging corporate social responsibility in the Namibian nature-based tourism industry

part III|59 pages

Conservation and tourism development debates in Southern Africa

part IV|48 pages

Southern Africa in the world

part V|10 pages


chapter 19|8 pages


Natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relationships: contemplating the future