This book offers one of the first comprehensive academic views on Just Cause, the December 1989 U.S. military intervention in Panama. It presents excellent positions for the reader to consider and give a comprehensive view of all of the factors and events that prompted the operation.

part I|46 pages

The Background (1905–1988)

chapter 3|18 pages

The Role of Drugs in the U.S.-Panamanian Relationship

ByMichael R. Hathaway

part II|18 pages

The Prelude

chapter 4|16 pages

Indications and Warning Factors

BySusan G. Horwitz

part III|87 pages

The Operation

chapter 6|9 pages

Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Factors

ByMichael E. Seitz

chapter 7|7 pages

Assessing the Role of Air Power

ByNoris Lyn McCall

chapter 8|4 pages

The Adequacy of Logistic Support

ByJohn W. Turner

chapter 9|6 pages

Civil Affairs Operations

ByEdward F. Dandar

chapter 10|19 pages

Assessing Press Access to Information

ByBruce W. Watson

part IV|40 pages

The Aftermath

chapter 11|26 pages

The Future U.S. Role in Panama

ByMark P. Sullivan

chapter 12|8 pages

The International Implications

ByAlan R. Goldman, E. Maria Biggers

chapter 13|4 pages

Summary and Conclusions

ByBruce W. Watson