When the topic of international justice did arise, discussion rarely got beyond recommendations about how nations could avoid war, as well as suggestions about when a declaration of war was morally justifiable and what sorts of methods might be used in the course of a justifiable war the topics of so-called just-war theory. Such is no longer the case.To be sure, just-war theory is reaching greater states of sophistication,much of it focused around Michael Walzer's book Just and Unjust Wars.Excerpts from Walzer's book appear here, in Part Two, along with a set of newly written chapters that deal with issues arising from the use of violence among nations. The topics of these chapters are foreign interventionism and states' rights, deterrence and the threat of nuclear reprisal, and terrorism.But issues of international justice other than just-war theory have been discussed by an an ever-increasing group of twentieth-century scholars. These issues deal with what might be called (for lack of a better term) distributive justice, which concerns the distribution of the world's natural resources and the goods produced by laborers across the world, as well as the duties,rights, and liberties possessed by individuals. How such items ought to be distributed within nation-states has been discussed extensively by social and political philosophers. Only in recent years has any attention been paid to the proper distribution of goods internationally. The chapters in Part One all do so. With one exception, all of these chapters are written for this volume. The exception is an excerpt from Charles Beitz's book PoliticalTheory and International Relations, Part Three of which is reproduced here almost in its entirety. The other chapters in this part are devoted to the topics of justice and the distribution of the world's resources, the obligation to assist the needy, the responsibilities of international corporations, and justice and the global environment.

part One|124 pages

World Resources and Distributive Justice

part A|40 pages

Justice and Distribution of the World's Resources

part B|30 pages

The Obligation to Assist the Needy

chapter 3|17 pages

Hunger, Needs, and Rights

part C|27 pages

The Responsibilities of International Corporations

part D|25 pages

Justice and the Global Environment

part Two|111 pages

The Legitimate Use of Violence

part A|54 pages

Foreign Interventionism and States' Rights

chapter 9|31 pages

The Theory of Aggression

chapter 10|14 pages

The Reagan Doctrine in Nicaragua

chapter 11|9 pages

Foreign Intervention

part B|32 pages

Deterrence and the Threat of Nuclear Reprisal

chapter 12|17 pages

War and Nuclear Deterrence

chapter 13|15 pages

Prisoners and Chickens

part C|23 pages


chapter 14|11 pages

Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses

chapter 15|12 pages

Understanding Terrorism

part Three|44 pages

Justice and World Government

chapter 17|22 pages

Moral Progress