Interest in the special problems of rural areas and concern with rural development in general have increased substantially throughout much of the world in the years since about 1960. Attesting to this has been the dramatic increase in attention to rural problems in the scholarly and popular literature and by government agencies. At first the dominant focus was on development projects and the creation of new jobs. It was not long, however, until other related issues came to the fore, in particular the availability and quality of public services essential to achieve economic growth and improvement and having a direct bearing on the well-being of rural peoples. Most nations of the world have developed plans and launched pro-jects to improve rural public services and narrow urban-rural dif-ferentials in their provision. As one would expect, there have been great differences between nations in the severity of problems, foci of attention, program strategies and their general effectiveness, and degree of commitment and effort. Given this diversity, it seems ap-propriate to examine and compare rural service problems and efforts to ameliorate them in a sample of contrasting societies. Implicit is the conviction that (1) all nations can learn at least something from the experiences of others, and (2) by taking an international, com-parative view of the subject, certain generalizations can be established.

part Part 1|49 pages

Introductory Overview

chapter 1|11 pages

Background and Scope of Study

ByRichard E. Lonsdale, György Enyedi

chapter 2|24 pages

A Theoretical Perspective on Rural Service Provision: A Systems Approach

ByBryan H. Massam, Ian Askew

chapter 3|11 pages

Identifying Service Priorities of Rural Consumers

ByBarry Smit, Alun E. Joseph

part Part 2|134 pages

The Experiences of Advanced Capitalist Nations

chapter 4|15 pages

The Economics of Rural Community Services in the United States

ByJames R. Nelson, Luther Tweeten, Gerald Doeksen

chapter 5|16 pages

The United States: The Special Case of Alaska

ByGerald A. McBeath

chapter 6|19 pages

The Provision of Essential Services in Rural Ontario, Canada

ByJackie Wolfe

chapter 7|8 pages

Service Decline and Policy Response: Rural Britain in the 1980s

ByMalcolm J. Moseley

chapter 9|11 pages

The Supply of Public Services in Finnish Lapland

ByEino Siuruainen

chapter 10|22 pages

Delivering Essential Public Services in Rural Israel

ByAvinoam Meir

chapter 11|8 pages

Improvement of the Living Environment in Rural Japan

ByHiromichi Nagashima

chapter 12|22 pages

Australia: The Dilemma of Sparse Population and High Expectations

ByJohn H. Holmes

part 3|60 pages

The Experiences of Socialist Nations

chapter 14|7 pages

Organizational Trends in Rural Public Service Provision in Hungary

ByGyörgy Enyedi

chapter 15|20 pages

The Provision of Essential Services in Rural China

ByDeborah Davis-Friedmann

chapter 16|20 pages

Rural Public Services in Socialist Cuba

BySergio Roca

part Part 4|93 pages

The Experiences of Third World Nations

chapter 17|10 pages

Public Services in Rural Areas of Mexico

BySilvana Levi de López

chapter 19|23 pages

Provision of Basic Needs 19 in Rural Areas of India

ByGopal S. Kulkarni, Prabhakar R. Karmarkar

chapter 20|18 pages

Rural Service Delivery in Indonesia

ByThomas R. Leinbach

chapter 21|23 pages

Access to Rural Services in Nigeria

ByMichael L. McNulty, M.A.O. Ayeni, M. O. Filani, G. O. Olaore

part Part 5|14 pages


chapter 22|12 pages

Summary Generalizations on Rural Public Services

ByRichard E. Lonsdale