Bodily awareness is one of the most interesting and enigmatic forms of experience. Our earliest and most pervasive form of conscious experience, it also arguably remains the most private. Bodily awareness has also long played a central role in the study of the mind and self-consciousness, and is fundamental to much current philosophical and psychological research.

The Routledge Handbook of Bodily Awareness is an outstanding reference source to this fascinating subject. Comprising over thirty chapters by an international team of contributors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts:

  • Epistemology and Metaphysics
  • Historical Issues
  • Body Representation
  • Sensing the Body
  • Dynamics
  • Pathology
  • Interaction

Within these sections specific topics covered include bodily ownership, personal identity, self-consciousness, body modelling in robot design, body illusions, touch, proprioception, phantom limb syndrome, pain, eating disorders, out-of-body experiences and virtual reality. The handbook features specially commissioned contributions from researchers in a wide array of disciplines, whilst being accessible to readers with any disciplinary background. It also includes an interdisciplinary introduction, written by the editors, tying together the central themes with particular attention to the interaction between conceptual, technological and empirical issues.

The Routledge Handbook of Bodily Awareness will be of great interest to those in a wide variety of philosophical subdisciplines as well as those in psychology, cognitive science, sociology and related subjects.

chapter |17 pages


Bodily awareness and the body
ByAdrian J.T. Alsmith, Matthew R. Longo

part 1|51 pages

Epistemology and metaphysics

chapter 1|13 pages

Bodily self-reference 1

ByJosé Luis Bermúdez

chapter 2|12 pages

Bodily awareness without the body

ByRory Madden

chapter 3|12 pages

Ten problems of bodily ownership

ByFrédérique de Vignemont

chapter 4|12 pages

Resisting phenomenalism

From bodily experience to mind-independence
ByOlivier Massin

part 2|64 pages

Historical issues

chapter 5|10 pages

Aristotle on feelings of bodily changes 1

ByPia Campeggiani

chapter 6|12 pages

Not a sailor in his ship

Descartes on bodily awareness
ByColin Chamberlain

chapter 7|14 pages

Sense experience and differentiation

Husserl on bodily awareness
ByJoona Taipale

chapter 8|13 pages

Bodily self-awareness in French phenomenology

ByMaren Wehrle, Maxime Doyon

chapter 9|13 pages

Clinical disorders of body representations

A historical perspective
ByH. Branch Coslett

part 3|63 pages

Body representation

chapter 10|13 pages

Bodily self-awareness and body-schematic processes

ByShaun Gallagher

chapter 11|11 pages

Distinguishing body representations

ByJared Medina

chapter 12|10 pages

Predictive processing and body representation

ByStephen Gadsby, Jakob Hohwy

chapter 13|14 pages

Peripersonal space (PPS)

ByAndrea Serino

chapter 14|13 pages

Body models in humans and robots

ByMatej Hoffmann, Matthew R. Longo

part 4|78 pages

Sensing the body

chapter 15|29 pages

Bodily illusions

ByH. Henrik Ehrsson

chapter 16|17 pages

Sensing the body through sound

ByAna Tajadura-Jiménez, Merle T. Fairhurst, Ophelia Deroy

chapter 17|12 pages

The puzzle of proprioception

ByAlisa Mandrigin

chapter 18|18 pages

Interoception and the mentalization of bodily states

ByAndré Schulz, Manos Tsakiris

part 5|76 pages


chapter 19|19 pages

Developmental origins of bodily awareness

ByAndrew J. Bremner

chapter 20|11 pages

Phantom limbs

ByMichael L. Anderson, Jonathan G. Bowen, Vicente Raja

chapter 21|12 pages

Bodily skill

ByJoshua Shepherd

chapter 22|17 pages

Tool use

ByLuke E. Miller, Alessandro Farnè

chapter 23|15 pages

Distal touch and the sensational model 1

ByAdrian J.T. Alsmith

part 6|71 pages


chapter 24|11 pages

Pain, the body, and awareness

ByJennifer Corns

chapter 25|14 pages

Depersonalization and the sense of bodily ownership

ByAlexandre Billon

chapter 26|18 pages

Body representation in anorexia nervosa

ByAnouk Keizer, Manja Engel

chapter 27|13 pages

Disorders of body ownership

ByPaul M. Jenkinson, Valentina Moro, Aikaterini (Katerina) Fotopoulou

chapter 28|13 pages

Out-of-body experiences

ByBigna Lenggenhager, Jasmine T. Ho

part 7|117 pages


chapter 29|32 pages

Body scaling of visually perceived metric space

ByDennis R. Proffitt, Sally A. Linkenauger, Lisa P.Y. Lin, Rachael L. Taylor

chapter 30|19 pages

A plastic virtual self

How virtual reality can be transforming
ByMel Slater, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives

chapter 31|25 pages

Body-based user interfaces

ByPaul Strohmeier, Aske Mottelson, Henning Pohl, Jess McIntosh, Jarrod Knibbe, Joanna Bergström, Yvonne Jansen, Kasper Hornbæk

chapter 32|19 pages

Drug-induced alterations of bodily awareness

ByRaphaël Millière

chapter 33|20 pages

Social bodily self

Conceptual and psychopathological considerations
ByFrancesca Ferroni, Vittorio Gallese