The Routledge International Handbook of Practice-Based Research presents a cohesive framework with which to conduct practice-based research or to support, manage and supervise practice-based researchers. It has been written with an inclusive approach, with the intention of presenting deep and meaningful knowledge for the benefit of all readers.

This handbook has been designed to present specific detail of practice-based research by outlining its shared traits with all forms of research and to highlight its core distinguishing features into a cohesive, principled and methodical approach. To this end, the handbook is presented in five sections: 1. Practice-Based Research, 2. Knowledge, 3. Method, 4. The Practice-Based PhD and 5. Practitioner Voices. Each section begins with a leading chapter that outlines each of the distinct areas as they relate to practice-based research. This is followed by a series of contributing chapters that discuss pertinent themes in more detail.

Practitioners from a broad range of backgrounds will find these chapters helpful:

  • research students or final year graduates will be introduced to the principled nature of practice-based research
  • PhD researchers embarking on a research project or are in the flow of research will find this guidance supportive
  • professionals such as designers, makers, engineers, artists and creative technologists wishing to strengthen their research into their practice will be guided through the principled and focused nature of practice-based research
  • supervisors, managers and policy makers will benefit from the potential and rigour of practice-based researchers in the pursuit of new knowledge.

chapter |24 pages

Introduction to the handbook

ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds, Craig Vear

part I|166 pages

Practice-Based Research

chapter 1.1|15 pages

Practice-based research

ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds, Craig Vear

chapter 1.2|18 pages

Interdisciplinary perspectives on practice-based research

ByJonathan Michaels

chapter 1.4|17 pages

The studio and living laboratory models for practice-based research

ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds

chapter 1.5|15 pages

Practice-based research at SensiLab

ByJon McCormack, Alon Ilsar, Tom Chandler, Mike Yeates, Elliott Wilson, Camilo Cruz Gambardella, Nina Rajcic, Maria Teresa Llano, Sojung Bahng

chapter 1.6|15 pages

Working the space

Augmenting training for practice-based research
ByBecky Shaw

chapter 1.7|17 pages

Understanding doctoral communities in practice-based research

BySian Vaughan

chapter 1.8|17 pages

Research doctorates in the arts

A perspective from Goldsmiths
ByJanis Jefferies

chapter 1.9|23 pages

The PhD in visual arts practice in the USA

Beyond Elkins' Artists With PhDs
ByBruce Mackh

chapter 1.10|12 pages

The relationship between practice and research

ByGavin Sade

part II|112 pages


chapter 2.1|12 pages


ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds, Craig Vear

chapter 2.2|16 pages

Theory as an active agent in practice-based knowledge development

ByLinda Candy

chapter 2.3|20 pages

Mapping practitioner knowledge

A framework for identifying new knowledge through practice-based research
ByCraig Vear

chapter 2.4|14 pages

Mapping the nature of knowledge in creative and practice-based research

ByKristina Niedderer

chapter 2.5|12 pages


A strategy for forging new directions and innovative works through experiential materiality
ByGarth Paine

chapter 2.7|15 pages

The art object does not embody a form of knowledge revisited

ByStephen Scrivener

chapter 2.8|11 pages

Research, shared knowledge and the artefact

ByErnest Edmonds

part III|155 pages


chapter 3.1|18 pages


ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds, Craig Vear

chapter 3.2|18 pages

The Common Ground model for practice-based research design

ByFalk Hübner

chapter 3.3|15 pages

Finding the groove

The rhythms of practice-based research
ByBrigid Mary Costello

chapter 3.4|12 pages

Practice-based research in the visual arts

Exploring the systems of practice and the practices of research
ByJudith Mottram

chapter 3.5|13 pages

Crafting temporality in design

Introducing a designer-researcher approach through the creation of Chronoscope
ByAmy Yo Sue Chen, William Odom

chapter 3.6|17 pages

Thinking together through practice and research

Collaborations across living and non-living systems
ByLucy HG Solomon, Cesar Baio

chapter 3.7|17 pages


An inventories approach to practice-led research
ByGraeme Brooker

chapter 3.8|11 pages

Reflective practice variants and the creative practitioner

ByLinda Candy

chapter 3.9|14 pages

Reflection in practice

Inter-disciplinary arts collaborations in medical settings
ByAnna Ledgard, Sofie Layton, Giovanni Biglino

chapter 3.10|18 pages

Making reflection-in-action happen

Methods for perceptual emergence
ByJennifer Seevinck

part IV|142 pages

The Practice-Based PhD

chapter 4.1|14 pages

The practice-based PhD

ByLinda Candy, Ernest Edmonds, Craig Vear

chapter 4.2|16 pages

A play space for practice-based PhD research

BySophy Smith

chapter 4.3|20 pages

The sound of my hands typing

Autoethnography as reflexive method in practice-based research
ByIain Findlay-Walsh

chapter 4.4|17 pages

Navigating the unknown

A dramaturgical approach
ByHanna Slättne, Stéphanie Heckman

chapter 4.5|16 pages

The practice of practice-based research

Challenges and strategies
ByAndrew Johnston

chapter 4.6|11 pages

Community-building for practice-based doctoral researchers

Mapping key dimensions for creating flexible frameworks
BySian Vaughan

chapter 4.7|23 pages

Strategies for supporting PhD practice-based research

The CTx ecosystem
ByCraig Vear, Sophy Smith, Stacie Lee Bennett-Worth

chapter 4.8|12 pages

Ethics through an empathetic lens

A human-centred approach to ethics in practice-based research
ByFalk Hübner

chapter 4.9|11 pages

The practice-based PhD

Some practical considerations
ByErnest Edmonds

part V|130 pages

Practitioner Voices

chapter 5.1|4 pages

Practitioner voices

ByCraig Vear

chapter 5.3|8 pages

Risk, creative spaces and creative identity in creative technologies research

Or why it's okay for academic creative technology outputs to look scrappy and be buggy
ByOliver Bown

chapter 5.4|8 pages


Vibrotactile materials informing artistic practice
ByØyvind Brandtsegg, Alexandra Murray-Leslie

chapter 5.6|6 pages

Publishing Practice Research

Reflections of an editor
ByMaria Chatzichristodoulou

chapter 5.7|8 pages

From a PhD to assisting biomusic research

ByBalandino Di Donato

chapter 5.8|10 pages

The curious nature of negotiating studio-based practice in PhD research

Intimate bodies and technologies
ByKerry Francksen

chapter 5.9|9 pages

Encounters at the fringe

A relational approach to human–robot interaction
ByPetra Gemeinboeck, Rob Saunders

chapter 5.11|7 pages

Project-based participatory practice and research

Reflections on being ‘in the field’
ByGail Kenning

chapter 5.12|6 pages

Bearing witness – the artist within the medical landscape

Reflections on a participatory and personal research by practice
BySofie Layton

chapter 5.13|8 pages

Organisational encounters and speculative weavings

Questioning a body of material
ByDebbie Michaels

chapter 5.14|7 pages

Improvising as practice/research method

ByCorey Mwamba

chapter 5.15|7 pages

Dreaming of utopian cities

Art, technology, Creative AI, and new knowledge
ByFabrizio Augusto Poltronieri

chapter 5.16|9 pages

Curating interactive art as a practice-based researcher

An enquiry into the role of autoethnography and reflective practice
ByDeborah Turnbull Tillman

chapter 5.17|9 pages

Please touch!

ByMarloeke van der Vlugt